Quantifying Bioaerosol Concentrations in Dust Clouds through Online UV-LIF and Mass Spectrometry Measurements at the Cape Verde Atmospheric ObservatoryCitation formats

  • External authors:
  • Douglas Morrison
  • Ian Crawford
  • Michael Flynn
  • Katie Read
  • Luis Neves
  • Virginia Foot
  • Paul Kaye
  • Warren Stanley

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Quantifying Bioaerosol Concentrations in Dust Clouds through Online UV-LIF and Mass Spectrometry Measurements at the Cape Verde Atmospheric Observatory. / Morrison, Douglas; Crawford, Ian; Marsden, Nicholas; Flynn, Michael; Read, Katie; Neves, Luis; Foot, Virginia; Kaye, Paul; Stanley, Warren; Coe, Hugh; Topping, David; Gallagher, Martin.

In: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 20, No. 22, 28.11.2020, p. 1-29.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Morrison, D, Crawford, I, Marsden, N, Flynn, M, Read, K, Neves, L, Foot, V, Kaye, P, Stanley, W, Coe, H, Topping, D & Gallagher, M 2020, 'Quantifying Bioaerosol Concentrations in Dust Clouds through Online UV-LIF and Mass Spectrometry Measurements at the Cape Verde Atmospheric Observatory', Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 20, no. 22, pp. 1-29. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2020-157

APA

Vancouver

Author

Morrison, Douglas ; Crawford, Ian ; Marsden, Nicholas ; Flynn, Michael ; Read, Katie ; Neves, Luis ; Foot, Virginia ; Kaye, Paul ; Stanley, Warren ; Coe, Hugh ; Topping, David ; Gallagher, Martin. / Quantifying Bioaerosol Concentrations in Dust Clouds through Online UV-LIF and Mass Spectrometry Measurements at the Cape Verde Atmospheric Observatory. In: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. 2020 ; Vol. 20, No. 22. pp. 1-29.

Bibtex

@article{bc4e5f8bd40c40139dbb8f84ad4d4865,
title = "Quantifying Bioaerosol Concentrations in Dust Clouds through Online UV-LIF and Mass Spectrometry Measurements at the Cape Verde Atmospheric Observatory",
abstract = "Observations of the long-range transport of biological particles in the tropics via dust vectors are now seen as fundamental to the understanding of many global atmosphere-oceanic biogeochemical cycles, changes in air quality, human health, ecosystem impacts, and climate. However, there is a lack of long-term measurements quantifying their presence in such conditions. Here we present annual observations of bioaerosol concentrations based on online ultraviolet light induced fluorescence (UV-LIF) spectrometry from the global WMO/Global Atmospheric Watch (GAW) observatory on Sao Vicente Cape Verde Atmospheric Observatory. We observe the expected strong seasonal changes in absolute concentrations of bioaerosols with significant enhancements during winter due to the strong island inflow of airmass, originating from the African continent. Monthly median bioaerosol concentrations as high as 45 L−1 were found with 95th percentile values exceeding 130 L−1 during strong dust events. However, in contrast the relative fraction of bioaerosol numbers compared to total dust number concentration shows little seasonal variation. Mean bioaerosol contributions accounted for 0.4 ± 0.2 % of total coarse aerosol concentrations, only rarely exceeding 1 % during particularly strong events under appropriate conditions. Although enhancements in the median bioaerosol fraction do occur in winter, they also occur at other times of the year, likely due to the enhanced Aeolian activity driving dust events at this time from different sources. We hypothesise that this indicates the relative contribution of bioaerosol material in dust transported across the tropical Atlantic throughout the year is relatively uniform, comprised mainly of mixtures of dust and bacteria and/or bacterial fragments. We argue that this hypothesis is supported from analysis of measurements also at Cape Verde just prior to the long-term monitoring experiment where UV-LIF single particle measurements were compared with Laser Ablation Aerosol Particle Time of Flight mass spectrometer (LAAP-ToF) measurements. These clearly show a very high correlation between particles with mixed bio-silicate mass spectral signatures and UV-LIF bio-fluorescent signatures suggesting the bioaerosol concentrations are dominated by these mixtures. These observations should assist with constraining bioaerosol concentrations for tropical Global Climate Model (GCM) simulations. Note here we use the term “bioaerosol” to include mixtures of dust and bacterial material.",
keywords = "Aeolian processes, Aerosol, Atmospheric sciences, Bioaerosol, Cape verde, Chemistry, Climatology, Indoor bioaerosol, Seasonality, Tropical Atlantic, Ultraviolet light",
author = "Douglas Morrison and Ian Crawford and Nicholas Marsden and Michael Flynn and Katie Read and Luis Neves and Virginia Foot and Paul Kaye and Warren Stanley and Hugh Coe and David Topping and Martin Gallagher",
year = "2020",
month = nov,
day = "28",
doi = "10.5194/acp-2020-157",
language = "English",
volume = "20",
pages = "1--29",
journal = "Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics",
issn = "1680-7316",
publisher = "Copernicus Gesellschaft mbH",
number = "22",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Quantifying Bioaerosol Concentrations in Dust Clouds through Online UV-LIF and Mass Spectrometry Measurements at the Cape Verde Atmospheric Observatory

AU - Morrison, Douglas

AU - Crawford, Ian

AU - Marsden, Nicholas

AU - Flynn, Michael

AU - Read, Katie

AU - Neves, Luis

AU - Foot, Virginia

AU - Kaye, Paul

AU - Stanley, Warren

AU - Coe, Hugh

AU - Topping, David

AU - Gallagher, Martin

PY - 2020/11/28

Y1 - 2020/11/28

N2 - Observations of the long-range transport of biological particles in the tropics via dust vectors are now seen as fundamental to the understanding of many global atmosphere-oceanic biogeochemical cycles, changes in air quality, human health, ecosystem impacts, and climate. However, there is a lack of long-term measurements quantifying their presence in such conditions. Here we present annual observations of bioaerosol concentrations based on online ultraviolet light induced fluorescence (UV-LIF) spectrometry from the global WMO/Global Atmospheric Watch (GAW) observatory on Sao Vicente Cape Verde Atmospheric Observatory. We observe the expected strong seasonal changes in absolute concentrations of bioaerosols with significant enhancements during winter due to the strong island inflow of airmass, originating from the African continent. Monthly median bioaerosol concentrations as high as 45 L−1 were found with 95th percentile values exceeding 130 L−1 during strong dust events. However, in contrast the relative fraction of bioaerosol numbers compared to total dust number concentration shows little seasonal variation. Mean bioaerosol contributions accounted for 0.4 ± 0.2 % of total coarse aerosol concentrations, only rarely exceeding 1 % during particularly strong events under appropriate conditions. Although enhancements in the median bioaerosol fraction do occur in winter, they also occur at other times of the year, likely due to the enhanced Aeolian activity driving dust events at this time from different sources. We hypothesise that this indicates the relative contribution of bioaerosol material in dust transported across the tropical Atlantic throughout the year is relatively uniform, comprised mainly of mixtures of dust and bacteria and/or bacterial fragments. We argue that this hypothesis is supported from analysis of measurements also at Cape Verde just prior to the long-term monitoring experiment where UV-LIF single particle measurements were compared with Laser Ablation Aerosol Particle Time of Flight mass spectrometer (LAAP-ToF) measurements. These clearly show a very high correlation between particles with mixed bio-silicate mass spectral signatures and UV-LIF bio-fluorescent signatures suggesting the bioaerosol concentrations are dominated by these mixtures. These observations should assist with constraining bioaerosol concentrations for tropical Global Climate Model (GCM) simulations. Note here we use the term “bioaerosol” to include mixtures of dust and bacterial material.

AB - Observations of the long-range transport of biological particles in the tropics via dust vectors are now seen as fundamental to the understanding of many global atmosphere-oceanic biogeochemical cycles, changes in air quality, human health, ecosystem impacts, and climate. However, there is a lack of long-term measurements quantifying their presence in such conditions. Here we present annual observations of bioaerosol concentrations based on online ultraviolet light induced fluorescence (UV-LIF) spectrometry from the global WMO/Global Atmospheric Watch (GAW) observatory on Sao Vicente Cape Verde Atmospheric Observatory. We observe the expected strong seasonal changes in absolute concentrations of bioaerosols with significant enhancements during winter due to the strong island inflow of airmass, originating from the African continent. Monthly median bioaerosol concentrations as high as 45 L−1 were found with 95th percentile values exceeding 130 L−1 during strong dust events. However, in contrast the relative fraction of bioaerosol numbers compared to total dust number concentration shows little seasonal variation. Mean bioaerosol contributions accounted for 0.4 ± 0.2 % of total coarse aerosol concentrations, only rarely exceeding 1 % during particularly strong events under appropriate conditions. Although enhancements in the median bioaerosol fraction do occur in winter, they also occur at other times of the year, likely due to the enhanced Aeolian activity driving dust events at this time from different sources. We hypothesise that this indicates the relative contribution of bioaerosol material in dust transported across the tropical Atlantic throughout the year is relatively uniform, comprised mainly of mixtures of dust and bacteria and/or bacterial fragments. We argue that this hypothesis is supported from analysis of measurements also at Cape Verde just prior to the long-term monitoring experiment where UV-LIF single particle measurements were compared with Laser Ablation Aerosol Particle Time of Flight mass spectrometer (LAAP-ToF) measurements. These clearly show a very high correlation between particles with mixed bio-silicate mass spectral signatures and UV-LIF bio-fluorescent signatures suggesting the bioaerosol concentrations are dominated by these mixtures. These observations should assist with constraining bioaerosol concentrations for tropical Global Climate Model (GCM) simulations. Note here we use the term “bioaerosol” to include mixtures of dust and bacterial material.

KW - Aeolian processes

KW - Aerosol

KW - Atmospheric sciences

KW - Bioaerosol

KW - Cape verde

KW - Chemistry

KW - Climatology

KW - Indoor bioaerosol

KW - Seasonality

KW - Tropical Atlantic

KW - Ultraviolet light

UR - https://www.mendeley.com/catalogue/2adb2851-e109-3cb4-a587-3e7c03b55273/

U2 - 10.5194/acp-2020-157

DO - 10.5194/acp-2020-157

M3 - Article

VL - 20

SP - 1

EP - 29

JO - Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics

JF - Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics

SN - 1680-7316

IS - 22

ER -