Objective: The aim of this study was to define the pharmacokinetic profile of free carbamazepine (F-CBZ) in adult Omani epileptic patients in order to improve on dosing schedules through population pharmacokinetic analysis using the NONMEM program. Method: Steady-state trough F-CBZ serum concentrations, carbamazepine (CBZ) dosing history and associated information were collected prospectively. Results: Forty-eight patients with two or more available F-CBZ serum concentrations (total of 149 dose/serum concentration pairs) met our inclusion criteria. Patients were taking CBZ (200-1200 mg/day) in monotherapy. The analysis assumed a one-compartmental open model with first-order absorption and elimination. The apparent clearance (CL/F) and apparent volume of distribution (V/F) and their interindividual variabilities were estimated using the program. The population estimates for clearance (CL; modelled independently of dose) and volume of distribution were 13.2 ± 0.6 l/h and 525 ± 44 l, respectively. However, CL increased as a function of dosing rate and consequently was modelled as a linear function of steady-state concentration. In order to validate these results, the predictions of the population model were tested against data from 13 further patients subjected to the same inclusion criteria but who were not included in the original analysis. The predictions were good, being unbiased (P = 0.31), and had an average deviation from the observed values of 18%. Conclusion: In order to establish steady-state dosage regimens, a population pharmacokinetic model is proposed, based on the patient's dose, to estimate the individual CL for an Omani epileptic patient receiving CBZ in monotherapy.