Peer reviews are a unique governance tool that use expertise from one city or country to assess the capabilities or intentions of another, with a view to strengthening those. Peer review tools are gaining momentum in disaster management and remain an important but understudied topic in risk governance. Methodologies to conduct a peer review are still in their infancy but are being developed in academia and exploited in practice. To enhance these developments, we conducted a systematic literature review (SLR) of academic and non-academic literature on city resilience peer reviews to provide useful insights for practitioners on structuring peer reviews as a tool for resilience building in cities. Through exploring conceptualizations of key resilience principles and peer reviews, 33 attributes of resilience are identified which provide useful insights to the ways in which research and practice can inform risk governance and utilise peer reviews to drive meaningful change. Moreover, it situates the challenges associated with resilience building tools within the risk governance field to support practitioners in developing interdisciplinary perspectives for integrated city resilience frameworks. Results of this literature review have been used in the development of a peer review methodology and an international standard on conducting peer reviews for disaster risk reduction.