The pairing properties of the neutrinoless double-β decay candidate 116Cd
have been investigated. Measurements of the two-neutron removal reactions on isotopes of 114,116Cd have been made in order to identify 0+ strength in the residual nuclei up to ≈3 MeV. No significant L=0 strength has been found in excited states indicating that the Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer (BCS) approximation is a reasonable basis to describe the neutrons in the ground state. This approximation avoids complications in calculations of double-
β decay matrix elements that use the quasiparticle random-phase approximation (QRPA) techniques. However this is not the case for the protons, where pair vibrations are prevalent and the BCS approximation is no longer valid, complicating the use of traditional QRPA techniques for this system as a whole.