Out of Pocket Expenses in Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • External authors:
  • Margaret Heslin
  • Jasmin Knopp-Hoffer
  • Gillian Hardy
  • Catherine Arundel
  • Dean McMillan
  • Emily Peckham
  • Lina Gega
  • Michael Barkham
  • Simon Gilbody
  • Sarah Byford


Despite anecdotal evidence that the out of pocket costs of OCD can be substantial in some cases, there is no evidence on how many people they affect, or the magnitude of these costs.

This paper explores the type and quantity of out of pocket expenses reported by a large sample of adults with OCD.

Data on out of pocket expenses were collected from participants taking part in the OCTET multi-centre randomised controlled trial. Participants were aged 18+, meeting DSM-IV criteria for OCD, and scoring 16+ on the Yale Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale. Individual-level resource use data including a description and estimated cost of out of pocket expenses were measured using an adapted version of the Adult Service Use Schedule (AD-SUS): a questionnaire used to collect data on resource use.

Forty-five percent (208/465) reported out of pocket expenses due to their OCD. The mean cost of out of pocket expenses was £19.19 per week (SD £27.56 SD), range £0.06 to £224.00.

Future economic evaluations involving participants with OCD should include out of pocket expenses, but careful consideration of alternative approaches to the collection and costing of this data is needed.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Mental Health
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 5 Mar 2020