Once-daily fluticasone furoate (FF)/vilanterol reduces risk of severe exacerbations in asthma versus FF alone.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • Authors:
  • Eric D Bateman
  • Paul M O'Byrne
  • William W Busse
  • Jan Lötvall
  • Eugene R Bleecker
  • And 5 others
  • External authors:
  • Leslie Andersen
  • Loretta Jacques
  • Lucy Frith
  • Jessica Lim
  • Ashley Woodcock

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Combination therapy with an inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) and long-acting β2 agonist (LABA) is recommended for patients with asthma symptomatic on ICS alone. However, there is ongoing debate regarding the risk-benefit ratio of using LABA in asthma. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of the addition of a novel LABA, vilanterol (VI), to a once-daily ICS, fluticasone furoate (FF), on the risk of severe asthma exacerbations in patients with uncontrolled asthma. METHODS: This randomised double-blind comparative study of variable duration (≥ 24-78 weeks) was designed to finish after 330 events (each patient's first on-treatment severe asthma exacerbation). 2019 patients with asthma aged ≥ 12 years with ≥ 1 recorded exacerbation within 1 year were randomised and received FF/VI 100/25 μg or FF 100 μg, administered once daily in the evening. The primary endpoint was time to first severe exacerbation; secondary endpoints were rate of severe asthma exacerbations per patient per year and change in trough evening forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) from baseline. RESULTS: Compared with FF, FF/VI delayed the time to first severe exacerbation (HR 0.795, 95% CI 0.642 to 0.985) and reduced the annualised rate of severe exacerbations (rate reduction 25%, 95% CI 5% to 40%). Significantly greater improvements in trough FEV1 (p

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
JournalThorax
Volume69
Issue number4
Early online date19 Nov 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2014