Inflammation driven by the NLRP3 inflammasome is coordinated through multiple signaling pathways and with a poorly defined regulation by sub-cellular organelles. Here, we tested the hypothesis that NLRP3 senses disrupted endosome trafficking to trigger inflammasome formation and inflammatory cytokine secretion. NLRP3-activating stimuli disrupted endosome trafficking and triggered localization of NLRP3 to vesicles positive for endosome markers and the inositol lipid PtdIns4P. Chemical disruption of endosome trafficking sensitized macrophages to the NLRP3 activator imiquimod driving enhanced inflammasome activation and cytokine secretion. Together these data suggest that NLRP3 is capable of sensing disruptions in the trafficking of endosomal cargoes, and that this may explain in part the spatial activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome complex. These data highlight new mechanisms amenable for the therapeutic targeting of NLRP3.