Negative cooperativity in NAD(P)H quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • External authors:
  • Clare F Megarity
  • Hoda Abdel-aal Bettley
  • Mary Clare Caraher
  • Katherine A Scott
  • Roger A Whitehead
  • Aldo Gutierrez
  • Karen A Nolan
  • David J Timson

Abstract

NAD(P)H quinone oxidoreductase‐1 (NQO1) is a homodimeric protein that acts as a detoxifying enzyme or as a chaperone/nanny protein. Dicourmarol interacts with NQO1 at the NAD(P)H binding site and can both inhibit enzyme activity and modulate the interaction of NQO1 with other proteins. We show the binding of dicoumarol and related compounds to NQO1 generates negative cooperativity between the monomers. This does not occur in the presence of the reducing co‐factor, NAD(P)H, alone. Alteration of Gly150 (but not Gly149 or Gly174) abolished the dicoumarol‐induced negative cooperativity. Analysis of the dynamics of NQO1 with the Gaussian network model indicates a high degree of collective motion by monomers and domains within NQO1. Ligand binding is predicted to alter NQO1 dynamics both proximal to the ligand binding site and remotely, close to the second binding site. Thus, drug‐induced modulation of protein motion may contribute to the biological effects of putative inhibitors of NQO1.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
JournalCHEMBIOCHEM
Early online date5 Jun 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019