Navigating the Technology-Media-Movements ComplexCitation formats

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Navigating the Technology-Media-Movements Complex. / Flesher Fominaya, Cristina; Gillan, Kevin.

In: Social Movement Studies, Vol. 16, No. 4, 2017.

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Flesher Fominaya, Cristina ; Gillan, Kevin. / Navigating the Technology-Media-Movements Complex. In: Social Movement Studies. 2017 ; Vol. 16, No. 4.

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@article{5a37e1c7999d4611a9dc49f65fbd62c7,
title = "Navigating the Technology-Media-Movements Complex",
abstract = "In this article we develop the notion of the technology-media-movement complex (TMMC) as a field-definition statement for ongoing inquiry into the use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in social and political movements. We consider the definitions and boundaries of the TMMC, arguing particularly for an historically-rooted conception of technological development that allows better integration of the different intellectual traditions that are currently focused on the same set of empirical phenomena. We then delineate two recurrent debates in the literature highlighting their contributions to emerging knowledge. The first debate concerns the divide between scholars who privilege media technologies, and see them as driving forces of movement dynamics, and those who privilege media practices over affordances. The second debate broadly opposes theorists who believe in the emancipatory potential of ICTs and those who highlight the ways they are used to repress social movements and grassroots mobilization. By mapping positions in these debates to the TMMC we identify and provide direction to three broad research areas which demand further consideration: (i) questions of power and agency in social movements; (ii) the relationships between, on the one hand, social movements and technology and media as politics ( i.e. cyberpolitics and technopolitics), and on the other, the quotidian and ubiquitous use of digital tools in a digital age; and (iii) the significance of digital divides that cut across and beyond social movements, particularly in the way such divisions may overlay existing power relations in movements. In conclusion, we delineate six challenges for profitable further research on the TMMC.",
keywords = "technology, media, ICTs, social movements, digital divides, cyberpolitics, technopolitics",
author = "{Flesher Fominaya}, Cristina and Kevin Gillan",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1080/14742837.2017.1338943",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
journal = "Social Movement Studies",
issn = "1474-2837",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Navigating the Technology-Media-Movements Complex

AU - Flesher Fominaya, Cristina

AU - Gillan, Kevin

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - In this article we develop the notion of the technology-media-movement complex (TMMC) as a field-definition statement for ongoing inquiry into the use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in social and political movements. We consider the definitions and boundaries of the TMMC, arguing particularly for an historically-rooted conception of technological development that allows better integration of the different intellectual traditions that are currently focused on the same set of empirical phenomena. We then delineate two recurrent debates in the literature highlighting their contributions to emerging knowledge. The first debate concerns the divide between scholars who privilege media technologies, and see them as driving forces of movement dynamics, and those who privilege media practices over affordances. The second debate broadly opposes theorists who believe in the emancipatory potential of ICTs and those who highlight the ways they are used to repress social movements and grassroots mobilization. By mapping positions in these debates to the TMMC we identify and provide direction to three broad research areas which demand further consideration: (i) questions of power and agency in social movements; (ii) the relationships between, on the one hand, social movements and technology and media as politics ( i.e. cyberpolitics and technopolitics), and on the other, the quotidian and ubiquitous use of digital tools in a digital age; and (iii) the significance of digital divides that cut across and beyond social movements, particularly in the way such divisions may overlay existing power relations in movements. In conclusion, we delineate six challenges for profitable further research on the TMMC.

AB - In this article we develop the notion of the technology-media-movement complex (TMMC) as a field-definition statement for ongoing inquiry into the use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in social and political movements. We consider the definitions and boundaries of the TMMC, arguing particularly for an historically-rooted conception of technological development that allows better integration of the different intellectual traditions that are currently focused on the same set of empirical phenomena. We then delineate two recurrent debates in the literature highlighting their contributions to emerging knowledge. The first debate concerns the divide between scholars who privilege media technologies, and see them as driving forces of movement dynamics, and those who privilege media practices over affordances. The second debate broadly opposes theorists who believe in the emancipatory potential of ICTs and those who highlight the ways they are used to repress social movements and grassroots mobilization. By mapping positions in these debates to the TMMC we identify and provide direction to three broad research areas which demand further consideration: (i) questions of power and agency in social movements; (ii) the relationships between, on the one hand, social movements and technology and media as politics ( i.e. cyberpolitics and technopolitics), and on the other, the quotidian and ubiquitous use of digital tools in a digital age; and (iii) the significance of digital divides that cut across and beyond social movements, particularly in the way such divisions may overlay existing power relations in movements. In conclusion, we delineate six challenges for profitable further research on the TMMC.

KW - technology

KW - media

KW - ICTs

KW - social movements

KW - digital divides

KW - cyberpolitics

KW - technopolitics

U2 - 10.1080/14742837.2017.1338943

DO - 10.1080/14742837.2017.1338943

M3 - Article

VL - 16

JO - Social Movement Studies

JF - Social Movement Studies

SN - 1474-2837

IS - 4

ER -