Natural Product Biosynthesis in Escherichia coli: Mentha Monoterpenoids

Research output: Research - peer-reviewChapter

  • External authors:
  • Helen Toogood
  • Shirley Tait
  • Aisling Ni Cheallaigh
  • Luke Humphreys


The era of synthetic biology heralds in a new, more “green” approach to fine chemical and pharmaceutical drug production. It takes the knowledge of natural metabolic pathways and builds new routes to chemicals, enables nonnatural chemical production, and/or allows the rapid production of chemicals in alternative, highly performing organisms. This route is particularly useful in the production of monoterpenoids in microorganisms, which are naturally sourced from plant essential oils. Successful pathways are constructed by taking into consideration factors such as gene selection, regulatory elements, host selection and optimization, and metabolic considerations of the host organism. Seamless pathway construction techniques enable a “plug-and-play” switching of genes and regulatory parts to optimize the metabolic functioning in vivo. Ultimately, synthetic biology approaches to microbial monoterpenoid production may revolutionize “natural” compound formation.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSynthetic biology and metabolic engineering in plants and microbes Part A
Subtitle of host publicationmetabolism in microbes
EditorsSarah E. O'Connor
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages24
ISBN (Print)9780128045848
StatePublished - 2016

Publication series

NameMethods in enzymology
ISSN (Print)0076-6879

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