Model Predictive Control for optimizing the flexibility of sustainable energy assets: An experimental case studyCitation formats

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Model Predictive Control for optimizing the flexibility of sustainable energy assets: An experimental case study. / Bolzoni, Alberto; Parisio, Alessandra; Todd, Rebecca; Forsyth, Andrew.

In: International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, Vol. 129, 01.07.2021, p. 106822.

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Bolzoni, Alberto ; Parisio, Alessandra ; Todd, Rebecca ; Forsyth, Andrew. / Model Predictive Control for optimizing the flexibility of sustainable energy assets: An experimental case study. In: International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems. 2021 ; Vol. 129. pp. 106822.

Bibtex

@article{04535354dad948ea9a449ae00e40cb50,
title = "Model Predictive Control for optimizing the flexibility of sustainable energy assets: An experimental case study",
abstract = "A detailed system-level Model Predictive Control (MPC) framework is developed for use with sustainable technology systems which have either electrical or thermal load flexibility. Differently from the majority of relevant works in the literature, the proposed MPC framework includes non-ideal conversion efficiencies, flexibility in electrical/thermal loads and a detailed battery degradation model. A hybrid PV estimator based on clear-sky models and actual measurements is exploited for the photovoltaic production prediction within the MPC optimization problem. The formulated MPC problem is multi-objective, which aims to maximize the profit from energy arbitrage and minimise carbon emissions via a sustainable technology weighting factor (). A key novelty of the proposed approach is associated with the real-time experimental testing of the MPC framework using a microgrid consisting of an actual energy storage asset, a PV system and two buildings with electrically powered thermal loads. The experimental setup comprises a Hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) system together with a physical 240 kW 180 kWh battery energy storage system and a Real Time Digital Simulator (RTDS). Three scenarios with differing levels of flexibility in the electrical and thermal loads are considered, so as to derive consistent comparisons. When flexibility in both the electrical and thermal loads is utilised, a reduction of up to 75 kg/day ( = 0.01) and an energy saving of up to 50 £/day ( = 0) is observed, yielding a reduction of around 10% in carbon emissions or energy consumption with respect to the base case.",
author = "Alberto Bolzoni and Alessandra Parisio and Rebecca Todd and Andrew Forsyth",
year = "2021",
month = jul,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.ijepes.2021.106822",
language = "English",
volume = "129",
pages = "106822",
journal = "International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems",
issn = "0142-0615",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Model Predictive Control for optimizing the flexibility of sustainable energy assets: An experimental case study

AU - Bolzoni, Alberto

AU - Parisio, Alessandra

AU - Todd, Rebecca

AU - Forsyth, Andrew

PY - 2021/7/1

Y1 - 2021/7/1

N2 - A detailed system-level Model Predictive Control (MPC) framework is developed for use with sustainable technology systems which have either electrical or thermal load flexibility. Differently from the majority of relevant works in the literature, the proposed MPC framework includes non-ideal conversion efficiencies, flexibility in electrical/thermal loads and a detailed battery degradation model. A hybrid PV estimator based on clear-sky models and actual measurements is exploited for the photovoltaic production prediction within the MPC optimization problem. The formulated MPC problem is multi-objective, which aims to maximize the profit from energy arbitrage and minimise carbon emissions via a sustainable technology weighting factor (). A key novelty of the proposed approach is associated with the real-time experimental testing of the MPC framework using a microgrid consisting of an actual energy storage asset, a PV system and two buildings with electrically powered thermal loads. The experimental setup comprises a Hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) system together with a physical 240 kW 180 kWh battery energy storage system and a Real Time Digital Simulator (RTDS). Three scenarios with differing levels of flexibility in the electrical and thermal loads are considered, so as to derive consistent comparisons. When flexibility in both the electrical and thermal loads is utilised, a reduction of up to 75 kg/day ( = 0.01) and an energy saving of up to 50 £/day ( = 0) is observed, yielding a reduction of around 10% in carbon emissions or energy consumption with respect to the base case.

AB - A detailed system-level Model Predictive Control (MPC) framework is developed for use with sustainable technology systems which have either electrical or thermal load flexibility. Differently from the majority of relevant works in the literature, the proposed MPC framework includes non-ideal conversion efficiencies, flexibility in electrical/thermal loads and a detailed battery degradation model. A hybrid PV estimator based on clear-sky models and actual measurements is exploited for the photovoltaic production prediction within the MPC optimization problem. The formulated MPC problem is multi-objective, which aims to maximize the profit from energy arbitrage and minimise carbon emissions via a sustainable technology weighting factor (). A key novelty of the proposed approach is associated with the real-time experimental testing of the MPC framework using a microgrid consisting of an actual energy storage asset, a PV system and two buildings with electrically powered thermal loads. The experimental setup comprises a Hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) system together with a physical 240 kW 180 kWh battery energy storage system and a Real Time Digital Simulator (RTDS). Three scenarios with differing levels of flexibility in the electrical and thermal loads are considered, so as to derive consistent comparisons. When flexibility in both the electrical and thermal loads is utilised, a reduction of up to 75 kg/day ( = 0.01) and an energy saving of up to 50 £/day ( = 0) is observed, yielding a reduction of around 10% in carbon emissions or energy consumption with respect to the base case.

U2 - 10.1016/j.ijepes.2021.106822

DO - 10.1016/j.ijepes.2021.106822

M3 - Article

VL - 129

SP - 106822

JO - International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems

JF - International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems

SN - 0142-0615

ER -