Minimal information for studies of extracellular vesicles 2018 (MISEV2018): a position statement of the International Society for Extracellular Vesicles and update of the MISEV2014 guidelines

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  • External authors:
  • Clotilde Théry
  • Kenneth W Witwer
  • Elena Aikawa
  • Maria Jose Alcaraz
  • Johnathon D Anderson
  • Ramaroson Andriantsitohaina
  • Anna Antoniou
  • Tanina Arab
  • Fabienne Archer
  • Georgia K Atkin-Smith
  • D Craig Ayre
  • Jean-Marie Bach
  • Daniel Bachurski
  • Hossein Baharvand
  • Leonora Balaj
  • Shawn Baldacchino
  • Natalie N Bauer
  • Amy A Baxter
  • Mary Bebawy
  • Carla Beckham
  • Apolonija Bedina Zavec
  • Abderrahim Benmoussa
  • Anna C Berardi
  • Paolo Bergese
  • Ewa Bielska
  • Cherie Blenkiron
  • Sylwia Bobis-Wozowicz
  • Eric Boilard
  • Wilfrid Boireau
  • Antonella Bongiovanni
  • Francesc E Borràs
  • Steffi Bosch
  • Chantal M Boulanger
  • Xandra Breakefield
  • Andrew M Breglio
  • Meadhbh Á Brennan
  • David R Brigstock
  • Alain Brisson
  • Marike LD Broekman
  • Jacqueline F Bromberg
  • Paulina Bryl-Górecka
  • Shilpa Buch
  • Amy H Buck
  • Dylan Burger
  • Sara Busatto
  • Dominik Buschmann
  • Benedetta Bussolati
  • Edit I Buzás
  • James Bryan Byrd
  • Giovanni Camussi
  • David RF Carter
  • Sarah Caruso
  • Lawrence W Chamley
  • Yu-Ting Chang
  • Amrita Datta Chaudhuri
  • Chihchen Chen
  • Shuai Chen
  • Lesley Cheng
  • Andrew R Chin
  • Aled Clayton
  • Stefano P Clerici
  • Alex Cocks
  • Emanuele Cocucci
  • Robert J Coffey
  • Anabela Cordeiro-da-Silva
  • Yvonne Couch
  • Frank AW Coumans
  • Beth Coyle
  • Rossella Crescitelli
  • Miria Ferreira Criado
  • Crislyn D’Souza-Schorey
  • Saumya Das
  • Paola de Candia
  • Eliezer F De Santana
  • Olivier De Wever
  • Hernando A del Portillo
  • Tanguy Demaret
  • Sarah Deville
  • Andrew Devitt
  • Bert Dhondt
  • Dolores Di Vizio
  • Lothar C Dieterich
  • Vincenza Dolo
  • Ana Paula Dominguez Rubio
  • Massimo Dominici
  • Mauricio R Dourado
  • Tom AP Driedonks
  • Filipe V Duarte
  • Heather M Duncan
  • Ramon M Eichenberger
  • Karin Ekström
  • Samir EL Andaloussi
  • Celine Elie-Caille
  • Uta Erdbrügger
  • Juan M Falcón-Pérez
  • Farah Fatima
  • Jason E Fish
  • Miguel Flores-Bellver
  • András Försönits
  • Annie Frelet-Barrand
  • Fabia Fricke
  • Gregor Fuhrmann
  • Susanne Gabrielsson
  • Ana Gámez-Valero
  • Chris Gardiner
  • Kathrin Gärtner
  • Raphael Gaudin
  • Yong Song Gho
  • Bernd Giebel
  • Caroline Gilbert
  • Mario Gimona
  • Ilaria Giusti
  • Deborah CI Goberdhan
  • André Görgens
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  • Gopal N Gupta
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  • Paul Harrison
  • Hargita Hegyesi
  • An Hendrix
  • Andrew F Hill
  • Fred H Hochberg
  • Karl F Hoffmann
  • Beth Holder
  • Harry Holthofer
  • Baharak Hosseinkhani
  • Guoku Hu
  • Yiyao Huang
  • Veronica Huber
  • Stuart Hunt
  • Ahmed Gamal-Eldin Ibrahim
  • Tsuneya Ikezu
  • Jameel M Inal
  • Mustafa Isin
  • Alena Ivanova
  • Hannah K Jackson
  • Soren Jacobsen
  • Steven M Jay
  • Muthuvel Jayachandran
  • Guido Jenster
  • Lanzhou Jiang
  • Jennifer C Jones
  • Ambrose Jong
  • Tijana Jovanovic-Talisman
  • Stephanie Jung
  • Raghu Kalluri
  • Shin-ichi Kano
  • Sukhbir Kaur
  • Yumi Kawamura
  • Evan T Keller
  • Delaram Khamari
  • Elena Khomyakova
  • Anastasia Khvorova
  • Peter Kierulf
  • Kwang Pyo Kim
  • Thomas Kislinger
  • Mikael Klingeborn
  • David J Klinke
  • Miroslaw Kornek
  • Maja M Kosanović
  • Árpád Ferenc Kovács
  • Eva-Maria Krämer-Albers
  • Susanne Krasemann
  • Mirja Krause
  • Igor V Kurochkin
  • Gina D Kusuma
  • Sören Kuypers
  • Saara Laitinen
  • Scott M Langevin
  • Lucia R Languino
  • Joanne Lannigan
  • Cecilia Lässer
  • Louise C Laurent
  • Gregory Lavieu
  • Elisa Lázaro-Ibáñez
  • Soazig Le Lay
  • Myung-Shin Lee
  • Yi Xin Fiona Lee
  • Debora S Lemos
  • Metka Lenassi
  • Aleksandra Leszczynska
  • Isaac TS Li
  • Ke Liao
  • Sten F Libregts
  • Erzsebet Ligeti
  • Rebecca Lim
  • Sai Kiang Lim
  • Aija Linē
  • Karen Linnemannstöns
  • Alicia Llorente
  • Catherine A Lombard
  • Magdalena J Lorenowicz
  • Ákos M Lörincz
  • Jan Lötvall
  • Jason Lovett
  • Michelle C Lowry
  • Xavier Loyer
  • Quan Lu
  • Barbara Lukomska
  • Taral R Lunavat
  • Sybren LN Maas
  • Harmeet Malhi
  • Antonio Marcilla
  • Jacopo Mariani
  • Javier Mariscal
  • Elena S Martens-Uzunova
  • Lorena Martin-Jaular
  • M Carmen Martinez
  • Vilma Regina Martins
  • Mathilde Mathieu
  • Suresh Mathivanan
  • Marco Maugeri
  • Lynda K McGinnis
  • Mark J McVey
  • David G Meckes
  • Katie L Meehan
  • Inge Mertens
  • Valentina R Minciacchi
  • Andreas Möller
  • Malene Møller Jørgensen
  • Aizea Morales-Kastresana
  • Jess Morhayim
  • François Mullier
  • Maurizio Muraca
  • Luca Musante
  • Veronika Mussack
  • Dillon C Muth
  • Kathryn H Myburgh
  • Tanbir Najrana
  • Muhammad Nawaz
  • Irina Nazarenko
  • Peter Nejsum
  • Christian Neri
  • Tommaso Neri
  • Rienk Nieuwland
  • Leonardo Nimrichter
  • John P Nolan
  • Esther NM Nolte-’t Hoen
  • Nicole Noren Hooten
  • Lorraine O’Driscoll
  • Tina O’Grady
  • Ana O’Loghlen
  • Takahiro Ochiya
  • Martin Olivier
  • Alberto Ortiz
  • Luis A Ortiz
  • Xabier Osteikoetxea
  • Ole Ostegaard
  • Matias Ostrowski
  • Jaesung Park
  • D. Michiel Pegtel
  • Hector Peinado
  • Francesca Perut
  • Michael W Pfaffl
  • Donald G Phinney
  • Bartijn CH Pieters
  • Ryan C Pink
  • David S Pisetsky
  • Elke Pogge von Strandmann
  • Iva Polakovicova
  • Ivan KH Poon
  • Bonita H Powell
  • Ilaria Prada
  • Lynn Pulliam
  • Peter Quesenberry
  • Annalisa Radeghieri
  • Robert L Raffai
  • Stefania Raimondo
  • Janusz Rak
  • Marcel I Ramirez
  • Graça Raposo
  • Morsi S Rayyan
  • Neta Regev-Rudzki
  • Franz L Ricklefs
  • Paul D Robbins
  • David D Roberts
  • Silvia C Rodrigues
  • Eva Rohde
  • Sophie Rome
  • Kasper MA Rouschop
  • Aurelia Rughetti
  • Ashley E Russell
  • Paula Saá
  • Susmita Sahoo
  • Edison Salas-Huenuleo
  • Catherine Sánchez
  • Julie A Saugstad
  • Meike J Saul
  • Raymond M Schiffelers
  • Raphael Schneider
  • Tine Hiorth Schøyen
  • Aaron Scott
  • Eriomina Shahaj
  • Shivani Sharma
  • Olga Shatnyeva
  • Faezeh Shekari
  • Ganesh Vilas Shelke
  • Ashok K Shetty
  • Kiyotaka Shiba
  • Pia R-M Siljander
  • Andreia M Silva
  • Agata Skowronek
  • Orman L Snyder
  • Rodrigo Pedro Soares
  • Barbara W Sódar
  • Carolina Soekmadji
  • Javier Sotillo
  • Philip D Stahl
  • Willem Stoorvogel
  • Shannon L Stott
  • Erwin F Strasser
  • Simon Swift
  • Hidetoshi Tahara
  • Muneesh Tewari
  • Kate Timms
  • Swasti Tiwari
  • Rochelle Tixeira
  • Mercedes Tkach
  • Wei Seong Toh
  • Richard Tomasini
  • Ana Claudia Torrecilhas
  • Juan Pablo Tosar
  • Vasilis Toxavidis
  • Lorena Urbanelli
  • Pieter Vader
  • Bas WM van Balkom
  • Susanne G van der Grein
  • Jan Van Deun
  • Martijn JC van Herwijnen
  • Kendall Van Keuren-Jensen
  • Guillaume van Niel
  • Martin E van Royen
  • Andre J van Wijnen
  • M Helena Vasconcelos
  • Ivan J Vechetti
  • Tiago D Veit
  • Laura J Vella
  • Émilie Velot
  • Frederik J Verweij
  • Beate Vestad
  • Jose L Viñas
  • Tamás Visnovitz
  • Krisztina V Vukman
  • Jessica Wahlgren
  • Dionysios C Watson
  • Marca HM Wauben
  • Alissa Weaver
  • Jason P Webber
  • Viktoria Weber
  • Ann M Wehman
  • Daniel J Weiss
  • Joshua A Welsh
  • Sebastian Wendt
  • Asa M Wheelock
  • Zoltán Wiener
  • Leonie Witte
  • Joy Wolfram
  • Angeliki Xagorari
  • Patricia Xander
  • Jing Xu
  • Xiaomei Yan
  • María Yáñez-Mó
  • Hang Yin
  • Yuana Yuana
  • Valentina Zappulli
  • Jana Zarubova
  • Vytautas Žėkas
  • Jian-ye Zhang
  • Zezhou Zhao
  • Lei Zheng
  • Alexander R Zheutlin
  • Antje M Zickler
  • Pascale Zimmermann
  • Angela M Zivkovic
  • Davide Zocco
  • Ewa K Zuba-Surma

Abstract

The last decade has seen a sharp increase in the number of scientific publications describing physiological and pathological functions of extracellular vesicles (EVs), a collective term covering various subtypes of cell-released, membranous structures, called exosomes, microvesicles, microparticles, ectosomes, oncosomes, apoptotic bodies, and many other names. However, specific issues arise when working with these entities, whose size and amount often make them difficult to obtain as relatively pure preparations, and to characterize properly. The International Society for Extracellular Vesicles (ISEV) proposed Minimal Information for Studies of Extracellular Vesicles (“MISEV”) guidelines for the field in 2014. We now update these “MISEV2014” guidelines based on evolution of the collective knowledge in the last four years. An important point to consider is that ascribing a specific function to EVs in general, or to subtypes of EVs, requires reporting of specific information beyond mere description of function in a crude, potentially contaminated, and heterogeneous preparation. For example, claims that exosomes are endowed with exquisite and specific activities remain difficult to support experimentally, given our still limited knowledge of their specific molecular machineries of biogenesis and release, as compared with other biophysically similar EVs. The MISEV2018 guidelines include tables and outlines of suggested protocols and steps to follow to document specific EV-associated functional activities. Finally, a checklist is provided with summaries of key points.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1535750
Number of pages1
JournalJournal of Extracellular Vesicles
Volume7
Issue number1
Early online date23 Nov 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jan 2019