Migration from plasticized films into foods. 1. Migration of di-(2-ethylhexyl) adipate from PVC films during home-use and microwave cooking

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • External authors:
  • James R Startin
  • Matthew Sharman
  • Ian Parker
  • Angela J Mercer
  • Laurence Castle
  • John Gilbert


Migration of di-(2-ethylhexyl)adipate (DEHA) into a diverse range of foods arising from the domestic use of plasticized PVC films has been determined using a stable isotope dilution GC/MS procedure. Aspects of home use reported in this study include the wrapping and covering of foods such as cheese, cooked meats, sandwiches, cakes, fresh fruit and vegetables; the use of films during food preparation such as marinading; covering during microwave reheating of previously prepared foods, and covering during microwave cooking. Contact between film and foods was for differing temperatures and times, representative of the range of conditions likely to be experienced in practice in the home. Migration increased with both the length of contact time and temperature of exposure, with the highest levels observed where there was a direct contact between the film and food, and where the latter had a high fat content on the contact surface. Highest levels of migration were observed for cheese, cooked meats, cakes and for microwave-cooked foods, whilst lower levels were observed for wrapping of unfilled sandwiches, fruit and vegetables (except avocado), and for food preparation including microwave reheating where there was covering of the food in a container but little or no direct contact.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)385-398
Number of pages14
JournalFood Additives and Contaminants
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1987