Making Hybrid [n]-Rotaxanes as Supramolecular Arrays of Molecular Electron Spin Qubits

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • External authors:
  • Antonio Fernandez
  • Jesus Ferrando-Soria
  • Eufemio Moreno Pineda
  • Inigo J Vitorica-Yrezabal
  • Christiane Knappke
  • Jakub Ujma
  • Christopher Muryn
  • Grigore Timco
  • Arzhang Ardavan


Quantum information processing (QIP) would require that the individual units involved—qubits—communicate to other qubits while retaining their identity. In many ways this resembles the way supramolecular chemistry brings together individual molecules into interlocked structures, where the assembly has one identity but where the individual components are still recognizable. Here a fully modular supramolecular strategy has been to link hybrid organic–inorganic [2]- and [3]-rotaxanes into still larger [4]-, [5]- and [7]-rotaxanes. The ring components are heterometallic octanuclear [Cr7NiF8(O2CtBu)16]– coordination cages and the thread components template the formation of the ring about the organic axle, and are further functionalized to act as a ligand, which leads to large supramolecular arrays of these heterometallic rings. As the rings have been proposed as qubits for QIP, the strategy provides a possible route towards scalable molecular electron spin devices for QIP. Double electron–electron resonance experiments demonstrate inter-qubit interactions suitable for mediating two-qubit quantum logic gates.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
Article number10240
JournalNature Communications
StatePublished - 8 Jan 2016