Loop Rolling for Code Size Reduction

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

  • Authors:
  • Rodrigo C. O. Rocha
  • Pavlos Petoumenos
  • Bjorn Franke
  • Pramod Bhatotia
  • Michael F.P. O'Boyle


Code size is critical for resource-constrained devices, where memory and storage are limited. Compilers, therefore, should offer optimizations aimed at reducing code size. One such optimization is loop rerolling, which transforms a partially unrolled loop into a fully rolled one. However, existing techniques are limited and rarely applicable to real-world programs. They are incapable of handling either partial rerolling or straight-line code.
In this paper, we propose RoLAG, a novel code-size optimization that creates loops out of straight-line code. It identifies isomorphic code by aligning SSA graphs in a bottom-up fashion. The aligned code is later rolled into a loop. In addition, we propose several optimizations that increase the amount of aligned code by identifying specific patterns of code. Finally, an analysis is used to estimate the profitability of the rolled loop before deciding which version should be kept in the code.
Our evaluation of RoLAG on full programs from MiBench and SPEC 2017 show absolute reductions of up to 88 KB while LLVM’s technique is hardly distinguishable from the baseline with no rerolling. Finally, our results show that RoLAG is highly applicable to real-world code extracted from popular GitHub repositories. RoLAG is triggered several orders of magnitude more often than LLVM’s rerolling, resulting in meaningful reductions on real-world functions.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Symposium on Code Generation and Optimization (CGO) 2022
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 6 Nov 2021