Limitations to the validity of single wake superposition in wind farm yield assessment

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

  • External authors:
  • K. Gunn
  • C. Stock-Williams
  • M. Burke
  • R. Willden
  • C. Vogel
  • W. Hunter
  • N. Robinson
  • S. R. Schmidt


Commercially available wind yield assessment models rely on superposition of wakes calculated for isolated single turbines. These methods of wake simulation fail to account for emergent flow physics that may affect the behaviour of multiple turbines and their wakes and therefore wind farm yield predictions. In this paper wake-wake interaction is modelled computationally (CFD) and physically (in a hydraulic flume) to investigate physical causes of discrepancies between analytical modelling and simulations or measurements. Three effects, currently neglected in commercial models, are identified as being of importance: 1) when turbines are directly aligned, the combined wake is shortened relative to the single turbine wake; 2) when wakes are adjacent, each will be lengthened due to reduced mixing; and 3) the pressure field of downstream turbines can move and modify wakes flowing close to them.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
Article number012003
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 14 Sep 2016
EventWindEurope Summit 2016 - Hamburg, Germany
Event duration: 27 Sep 201629 Sep 2016