Les maquisards de France pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale, combattants irréguliers ou armée de la nation ?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  • Authors:
  • Raphaële Balu
  • Raphaëlle Branche (Guest editor)
  • Julie Le Gac (Guest editor)


The image of France’s youth, freeing their occupied country during the summer of 1944 armed only with Sten guns, dominates public memory of the maquis. However, this combatant identity was a careful construction. At the end of 1942 and the beginning of 1943, the maquis, or armed members of the Resistance operating as militias, were gradually militarized, a process which was somewhat constrained by the clandestine nature of their existence. While the occupying Vichy government denounced them as irregular troops, Free France recognised them as members of its national forces and as such, integrated them into the Allies’ chain of command. Since neither of these two processes was a foregone conclusion, they allow us to examine the fighting practices of these armed civilians as they improvised on the ground, and as they were perceived by military headquarters.

Bibliographical metadata

Translated title of the contributionFrench maquis during the Second World War, irregular combatants or part of the national army?
Original languageFrench
Pages (from-to)81-95
Number of pages15
Journal20&21. Revue d'Histoire
Volume1 (2019)
Issue number141
Publication statusPublished - 24 Jan 2019