An enzymatic strategy for the preparation of (R)-β-arylalanines employing phenylalanine aminomutase and ammonia lyase (PAM and PAL) enzymes has been demonstrated. Candidate PAMs with the desired (S)-selectivity from Streptomyces maritimus (EncP) and Bacillus sp. (PabH) were identified via sequence analysis using a well-studied template sequence. The newly discovered PabH could be linked to the first ever proposed biosynthesis of pyloricidin-like secondary metabolites and was shown to display better β-lyase activity in many cases. In spite of this, a method combining the higher conversion of EncP with a strict α-lyase from Anabaena variabilis (AvPAL) was found to be more amenable, allowing kinetic resolution of five racemic substrates and a preparative-scale reaction with >98% (R) enantiomeric excess. This work represents an improved and enantiocomplementary method to existing biocatalytic strategies, allowing simple product separation and modular telescopic combination with a preceding chemical step using an achiral aldehyde as starting material.