This is the twenty-first in the most prestigious series of annual volumes in the field of industrial and organizational psychology. The series provides authoritative and integrative reviews of the key literature of industrial psychology and organizational behaviour. The chapters are written by established experts and topics are carefully chosen to reflect the major concerns in both the research literature and in current practice. Reflecting the ethos of the series as a whole, this twenty-first volume provides scholarly, state-of-the-art overviews of developments across a diverse range of areas, including: attribution theory, performance appraisal, women at work, international management, task analysis, and qualitative research methods. Each chapter offers a comprehensive and critical survey of the chosen topic, and each is supported by a valuable bibliography. For advanced students, academics and researchers, as well as professional psychologists and managers, this remains the most authoritative and current guide to new developments and established knowledge in the field of industrial and organizational psychology.