Inhibited and enhanced nucleation of gold nanoparticles at the water1,2-dichloroethane interface

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • Authors:
  • Yvonne Gründer
  • Huong L T Ho
  • J. Fred W Mosselmans
  • Sven L M Schroeder
  • Robert A W Dryfe


The deposition of gold at the interface between immiscible electrolyte solutions has been investigated using reduction of tetrachloroaurate or tetrabromoaurate in 1,2-dichloroethane, with aqueous phase hexacyanoferrate as reducing agent. In a clean environment without defects present at the interface, the Au(iii) complex was reduced to the Au(i) complex, but no solid phase formation could be observed. A deposition process could only be observed through the addition of artificial nucleation sites in the form of palladium nanoparticles at the interface. This process could be associated with the reduction of the Au(i) halide complex to metallic gold, by determining the gold reduction potentials in 1,2-dichloroethane. XANES measurements indicate that tetrachloroaurate ion transfers intact into the organic phase, with the central Au atom retaining its oxidation state of +3 and the overall anion remaining charged at -1. This journal is © the Owner Societies.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15681-15689
Number of pages8
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Issue number34
Publication statusPublished - 14 Sep 2011