Influence of curing modes on monomer elution, sorption and solubility of dual-cure resin-cementsCitation formats

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Influence of curing modes on monomer elution, sorption and solubility of dual-cure resin-cements. / Aldhafyan, Mohammed; Silikas, Nikolaos; Watts, David C.

In: Dental Materials, 01.06.2022.

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@article{b69410b659cb4284b50ea430e4c9676c,
title = "Influence of curing modes on monomer elution, sorption and solubility of dual-cure resin-cements",
abstract = "Objective: To explore the effect of two curing modes, for dual-cure resin cements, on their monomer elution, water sorption and solubility after 30 d water storage and 30 d dry reconditioning. Methods: Eight dual-cure resin-cements were investigated (Bifix SE, Nexus Third Generation, PANAVIA SA, PANAVIA V5, RelyX Ultimate Universal, RelyX Unicem 2, RelyX Universal and SpeedCEM Plus). Six disk-shaped specimens were made per curing mode: light-cure (LC) versus self-cure (SC) to measure amounts of eluted monomers after 30 d of water storage at 37 °C. Ultra-high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC MS/MS) was performed to identify and quantify three eluted monomers (Bis-GMA, UDMA and TEGDMA). Water sorption/ solubility specimens were prepared according to ISO 4049. Specimens from each curing mode (LC/SC) were immersed separately in distilled water for 30 d and then reconditioned for 30 d; all at 37 °C. Mass change was measured at different time intervals. Data were analyzed via one-way ANOVA, Tukey post-hoc tests and independent sample t-tests (α = 0.05). Results: After 30 d of water storage, the three monomers Bis-GMA, UDMA and TEGDMA were detected in water. All monomers showed a variable extent of elution into water and were significantly higher (p < 0.0001) with SC compared to LC curing modes. BSE had the highest quantity of eluted monomers. After 30 d of water sorption (μg/mm 3), all rein-cements showed significantly higher sorption (p < 0.05) of SC compared to LC curing modes except for PV5, RXU and CEM (p > 0.05). After 30 d of water solubility (μg/mm 3), all resin-cements showed significantly higher solubility (p < 0.0001) of SC compared to LC curing mode. BSE had the highest water sorption and solubility. The total amounts of eluted monomers correlated positively with solubility: r 2 = 0.95 for LC and r 2 = 0.93 for SC. Significance: Whenever light access is possible, light curing remains beneficial to reduce the extent of resin degradation and related properties of dual-cure resin cements. BSE showed statistically the highest extent of eluted monomers, sorption and solubility. ",
keywords = "Curing modes, Dual-cure cements, Elution, Liquid chromatography, Mass spectrometry, Monomer, Solubility, Sorption",
author = "Mohammed Aldhafyan and Nikolaos Silikas and Watts, {David C.}",
note = "Funding Information: Financial support from the Saudi Arabian Cultural Bureau in London is gratefully acknowledged. Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} 2022 Elsevier Inc.",
year = "2022",
month = jun,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.dental.2022.03.004",
language = "English",
journal = "Dental Materials",
issn = "0109-5641",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Influence of curing modes on monomer elution, sorption and solubility of dual-cure resin-cements

AU - Aldhafyan, Mohammed

AU - Silikas, Nikolaos

AU - Watts, David C.

N1 - Funding Information: Financial support from the Saudi Arabian Cultural Bureau in London is gratefully acknowledged. Publisher Copyright: © 2022 Elsevier Inc.

PY - 2022/6/1

Y1 - 2022/6/1

N2 - Objective: To explore the effect of two curing modes, for dual-cure resin cements, on their monomer elution, water sorption and solubility after 30 d water storage and 30 d dry reconditioning. Methods: Eight dual-cure resin-cements were investigated (Bifix SE, Nexus Third Generation, PANAVIA SA, PANAVIA V5, RelyX Ultimate Universal, RelyX Unicem 2, RelyX Universal and SpeedCEM Plus). Six disk-shaped specimens were made per curing mode: light-cure (LC) versus self-cure (SC) to measure amounts of eluted monomers after 30 d of water storage at 37 °C. Ultra-high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC MS/MS) was performed to identify and quantify three eluted monomers (Bis-GMA, UDMA and TEGDMA). Water sorption/ solubility specimens were prepared according to ISO 4049. Specimens from each curing mode (LC/SC) were immersed separately in distilled water for 30 d and then reconditioned for 30 d; all at 37 °C. Mass change was measured at different time intervals. Data were analyzed via one-way ANOVA, Tukey post-hoc tests and independent sample t-tests (α = 0.05). Results: After 30 d of water storage, the three monomers Bis-GMA, UDMA and TEGDMA were detected in water. All monomers showed a variable extent of elution into water and were significantly higher (p < 0.0001) with SC compared to LC curing modes. BSE had the highest quantity of eluted monomers. After 30 d of water sorption (μg/mm 3), all rein-cements showed significantly higher sorption (p < 0.05) of SC compared to LC curing modes except for PV5, RXU and CEM (p > 0.05). After 30 d of water solubility (μg/mm 3), all resin-cements showed significantly higher solubility (p < 0.0001) of SC compared to LC curing mode. BSE had the highest water sorption and solubility. The total amounts of eluted monomers correlated positively with solubility: r 2 = 0.95 for LC and r 2 = 0.93 for SC. Significance: Whenever light access is possible, light curing remains beneficial to reduce the extent of resin degradation and related properties of dual-cure resin cements. BSE showed statistically the highest extent of eluted monomers, sorption and solubility.

AB - Objective: To explore the effect of two curing modes, for dual-cure resin cements, on their monomer elution, water sorption and solubility after 30 d water storage and 30 d dry reconditioning. Methods: Eight dual-cure resin-cements were investigated (Bifix SE, Nexus Third Generation, PANAVIA SA, PANAVIA V5, RelyX Ultimate Universal, RelyX Unicem 2, RelyX Universal and SpeedCEM Plus). Six disk-shaped specimens were made per curing mode: light-cure (LC) versus self-cure (SC) to measure amounts of eluted monomers after 30 d of water storage at 37 °C. Ultra-high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC MS/MS) was performed to identify and quantify three eluted monomers (Bis-GMA, UDMA and TEGDMA). Water sorption/ solubility specimens were prepared according to ISO 4049. Specimens from each curing mode (LC/SC) were immersed separately in distilled water for 30 d and then reconditioned for 30 d; all at 37 °C. Mass change was measured at different time intervals. Data were analyzed via one-way ANOVA, Tukey post-hoc tests and independent sample t-tests (α = 0.05). Results: After 30 d of water storage, the three monomers Bis-GMA, UDMA and TEGDMA were detected in water. All monomers showed a variable extent of elution into water and were significantly higher (p < 0.0001) with SC compared to LC curing modes. BSE had the highest quantity of eluted monomers. After 30 d of water sorption (μg/mm 3), all rein-cements showed significantly higher sorption (p < 0.05) of SC compared to LC curing modes except for PV5, RXU and CEM (p > 0.05). After 30 d of water solubility (μg/mm 3), all resin-cements showed significantly higher solubility (p < 0.0001) of SC compared to LC curing mode. BSE had the highest water sorption and solubility. The total amounts of eluted monomers correlated positively with solubility: r 2 = 0.95 for LC and r 2 = 0.93 for SC. Significance: Whenever light access is possible, light curing remains beneficial to reduce the extent of resin degradation and related properties of dual-cure resin cements. BSE showed statistically the highest extent of eluted monomers, sorption and solubility.

KW - Curing modes

KW - Dual-cure cements

KW - Elution

KW - Liquid chromatography

KW - Mass spectrometry

KW - Monomer

KW - Solubility

KW - Sorption

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85127329335&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.dental.2022.03.004

DO - 10.1016/j.dental.2022.03.004

M3 - Article

JO - Dental Materials

JF - Dental Materials

SN - 0109-5641

ER -