Influence of corium temperature, concrete composition and water injection time on concrete ablation during MCCI: New insightsCitation formats

  • Authors:
  • Ilyas Khurshid
  • Imran Afgan
  • Yacine Addad
  • Amidu muritala alade

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Influence of corium temperature, concrete composition and water injection time on concrete ablation during MCCI: New insights. / Khurshid, Ilyas; Afgan, Imran; Addad, Yacine; alade, Amidu muritala .

In: Progress in Nuclear Energy, Vol. 144, 104102, 01.02.2022.

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Khurshid, Ilyas ; Afgan, Imran ; Addad, Yacine ; alade, Amidu muritala . / Influence of corium temperature, concrete composition and water injection time on concrete ablation during MCCI: New insights. In: Progress in Nuclear Energy. 2022 ; Vol. 144.

Bibtex

@article{bed6d366420d43b99640919cf8480c60,
title = "Influence of corium temperature, concrete composition and water injection time on concrete ablation during MCCI: New insights",
abstract = "Molten corium, a mixture of molten nuclear fuel, cladding, thermo-hydraulic and structural elements, can originate in a nuclear plant accident after a reactor core meltdown. This un-cooled corium could penetrate through the reactor pressure vessel and cause concrete ablation via basement melt-through, a process known as Molten Corium Concrete Interaction (MCCI). The MCCI analysis because of its complex nature is still uncertain and needs thorough investigation of various parameters. In this study the use of CORQUENCH simulator is presented to model the molten corium, composition of concrete and heat transfer along with related chemical reactions. Using this modeling technique, the chemical reaction capabilities of CORQUENCH is successfully utilized enabling the modeling of interaction between molten corium and concrete. The developed model is validated against experimental data at PWR and BWR conditions. The results showed that the temperature of corium, composition of concrete and water injection time have a pronounced effect on mitigating ablation and reactor integrity in case of a nuclear accident. In addition, the composition of concrete was found to be the main controlling factor to mitigate ablation. An alternative to concrete is to utilize igneous rock (pyrolite) and this approach could lead to comparatively very low rates of ablation due to its high thermal resistant properties. Furthermore, the injection of water (as a cooling agent) into the reactor cavity should also be optimized to enhance corium quenching to avoid ablation via basement melt-through. The concrete ablation mechanisms during MCCI are very case-dependent on the concrete solidus, liquidus and ablation temperatures, respectively.",
author = "Ilyas Khurshid and Imran Afgan and Yacine Addad and alade, {Amidu muritala}",
year = "2022",
month = feb,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.pnucene.2021.104102",
language = "English",
volume = "144",
journal = "Progress in Nuclear Energy",
issn = "0149-1970",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Influence of corium temperature, concrete composition and water injection time on concrete ablation during MCCI: New insights

AU - Khurshid, Ilyas

AU - Afgan, Imran

AU - Addad, Yacine

AU - alade, Amidu muritala

PY - 2022/2/1

Y1 - 2022/2/1

N2 - Molten corium, a mixture of molten nuclear fuel, cladding, thermo-hydraulic and structural elements, can originate in a nuclear plant accident after a reactor core meltdown. This un-cooled corium could penetrate through the reactor pressure vessel and cause concrete ablation via basement melt-through, a process known as Molten Corium Concrete Interaction (MCCI). The MCCI analysis because of its complex nature is still uncertain and needs thorough investigation of various parameters. In this study the use of CORQUENCH simulator is presented to model the molten corium, composition of concrete and heat transfer along with related chemical reactions. Using this modeling technique, the chemical reaction capabilities of CORQUENCH is successfully utilized enabling the modeling of interaction between molten corium and concrete. The developed model is validated against experimental data at PWR and BWR conditions. The results showed that the temperature of corium, composition of concrete and water injection time have a pronounced effect on mitigating ablation and reactor integrity in case of a nuclear accident. In addition, the composition of concrete was found to be the main controlling factor to mitigate ablation. An alternative to concrete is to utilize igneous rock (pyrolite) and this approach could lead to comparatively very low rates of ablation due to its high thermal resistant properties. Furthermore, the injection of water (as a cooling agent) into the reactor cavity should also be optimized to enhance corium quenching to avoid ablation via basement melt-through. The concrete ablation mechanisms during MCCI are very case-dependent on the concrete solidus, liquidus and ablation temperatures, respectively.

AB - Molten corium, a mixture of molten nuclear fuel, cladding, thermo-hydraulic and structural elements, can originate in a nuclear plant accident after a reactor core meltdown. This un-cooled corium could penetrate through the reactor pressure vessel and cause concrete ablation via basement melt-through, a process known as Molten Corium Concrete Interaction (MCCI). The MCCI analysis because of its complex nature is still uncertain and needs thorough investigation of various parameters. In this study the use of CORQUENCH simulator is presented to model the molten corium, composition of concrete and heat transfer along with related chemical reactions. Using this modeling technique, the chemical reaction capabilities of CORQUENCH is successfully utilized enabling the modeling of interaction between molten corium and concrete. The developed model is validated against experimental data at PWR and BWR conditions. The results showed that the temperature of corium, composition of concrete and water injection time have a pronounced effect on mitigating ablation and reactor integrity in case of a nuclear accident. In addition, the composition of concrete was found to be the main controlling factor to mitigate ablation. An alternative to concrete is to utilize igneous rock (pyrolite) and this approach could lead to comparatively very low rates of ablation due to its high thermal resistant properties. Furthermore, the injection of water (as a cooling agent) into the reactor cavity should also be optimized to enhance corium quenching to avoid ablation via basement melt-through. The concrete ablation mechanisms during MCCI are very case-dependent on the concrete solidus, liquidus and ablation temperatures, respectively.

UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pnucene.2021.104102

U2 - 10.1016/j.pnucene.2021.104102

DO - 10.1016/j.pnucene.2021.104102

M3 - Article

VL - 144

JO - Progress in Nuclear Energy

JF - Progress in Nuclear Energy

SN - 0149-1970

M1 - 104102

ER -