IL-1 signaling is critical for expansion but not generation of autoreactive GM-CSF+ Th17 cells

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • External authors:
  • Ilgiz A Mufazalov
  • Carsten Schelmbauer
  • Tommy Regen
  • Janina Kuschmann
  • Florian Wanke
  • Laureen A Gabriel
  • Judith Hauptmann
  • Florian C Kurschus
  • Ari Waisman

Abstract

Interleukin-1 (IL-1) is implicated in numerous pathologies, including multiple sclerosis and its animal model experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). However, the exact mechanism by which IL-1 is involved in the generation of pathogenic T cells and in disease development remains largely unknown. We found that following EAE induction, pertussis toxin administration leads to IL-1 receptor type 1 (IL-1R1)-dependent IL-1β expression by myeloid cells in the draining lymph nodes. This myeloid-derived IL-1β did not vitally contribute to the generation and plasticity of Th17 cells, but rather promoted the expansion of a GM-CSF(+) Th17 cell subset, thereby enhancing its encephalitogenic potential. Lack of expansion of GM-CSF-producing Th17 cells led to ameliorated disease in mice deficient for IL-1R1 specifically in T cells. Importantly, pathogenicity of IL-1R1-deficient T cells was fully restored by IL-23 polarization and expansion in vitro Therefore, our data demonstrate that IL-1 functions as a mitogenic mediator of encephalitogenic Th17 cells rather than qualitative inducer of their generation.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages14
JournalThe EMBO Journal
Early online date8 Nov 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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