Identities in unitriangular and gossip monoids

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We establish a criterion for a semigroup identity to hold in the monoid of nxn upper unitriangular matrices with entries in a commutative semiring S. This criterion is combinatorial modulo the arithmetic of the multiplicative identity element of S. In the case where S is non-trivial and idempotent, the generated variety is the variety Jn􀀀1, which by a result of Volkov is generated by any one of: the monoid of unitriangular Boolean matrices, the monoid Rn of all reflexive relations on an n element set, or the Catalan monoid Cn. We propose S-matrix
analogues of these latter two monoids in the case where S is an idempotent semiring whose multiplicative identity element is the `top' element with respect to the natural partial order on S, and show that each generates Jn􀀀1. As a consequence we obtain a complete solution to the finite basis problem for lossy gossip monoids.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
JournalSemigroup Forum
Early online date6 Feb 2019
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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