Identification and Single-Cell Functional Characterization of an Endodermally Biased Pluripotent Substate in Human Embryonic Stem Cells

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  • External authors:
  • Thomas F. Allison
  • Andrew J.H. Smith
  • Konstantinos Anastassiadis
  • Jackie Sloane-Stanley
  • Dylan Stavish
  • James Hackland
  • Shan Sabri
  • Justin Langerman
  • Mark Jones
  • Kathrin Plath
  • Daniel Coca
  • Ivana Barbaric
  • Paul Gokhale
  • Peter W. Andrews

Abstract

Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) display substantial heterogeneity in gene expression, implying the existence of discrete substates within the stem cell compartment. To determine whether these substates impact fate decisions of hESCs we used a GFP reporter line to investigate the properties of fractions of putative undifferentiated cells defined by their differential expression of the endoderm transcription factor, GATA6, together with the hESC surface marker, SSEA3. By single-cell cloning, we confirmed that substates characterized by expression of GATA6 and SSEA3 include pluripotent stem cells capable of long-term self-renewal. When clonal stem cell colonies were formed from GATA6-positive and GATA6-negative cells, more of those derived from GATA6-positive cells contained spontaneously differentiated endoderm cells than similar colonies derived from the GATA6-negative cells. We characterized these discrete cellular states using single-cell transcriptomic analysis, identifying a potential role for SOX17 in the establishment of the endoderm-biased stem cell state. Human embryonic stem cells have the capacity to turn into any cell type within the adult. Peter Andrews and colleagues have shown that subtle differences between individual cells can functionally bias the resulting cell type that is produced. Generating and purifying these biased cells may therefore improve the derivation of medically relevant cell types.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1895-1907
Number of pages13
JournalStem Cell Reports
Volume10
Issue number6
Early online date17 May 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jun 2018