From Convergence to Divergence: Portuguese Economic Growth, 1527-1850

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


We construct the first time-series for Portugal’s per capita GDP for 1527–1850, drawing on a new database. Starting in the early 1630s there was a highly persistent upward trend which accelerated after 1710 and peaked 40 years later. At that point, per capita income was high by European standards, though behind the most advanced Western European economies. But as the second half of the eighteenth century unfolded, a phase of economic decline was initiated. This continued into the nineteenth century, and by 1850 per capita incomes were not different from what they had been in the early 1530s.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Economic History
Early online date29 Apr 2019
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Related information


View all