Expression of variable viruses as herpes simplex glycoprotein D and varicella zoster gE glycoprotein using a novel plasmid based expression system in insect cell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  • External authors:
  • A M Al-Sulaiman
  • P E Klapper
  • Raid Al Baradie
  • Shaihana Abdulrahman Almatrrouk
  • Khalid K Alharbi


Several prokaryotic and eukaryotic expression systems have been used for in vitro production of viruses' proteins. However eukaryotic expression system was always the first choice for production of proteins that undergo post-translational modification such as glycosylation. Recombinant baculoviruses have been widely used as safe vectors to express heterologous genes in the culture of insect cells, but the manipulation involved in creating, titrating, and amplifying viral stocks make it time consuming and laborious. Therefore, to facilitate rapid expression in insect cell, a plasmid based expression system was used to express herpes simplex type 1 glycoprotein D (HSV-1 gD) and varicella zoster glycoprotein E (VZV gE). Recombinant plasmids were generated, transfected into insect cells (SF9), and both glycoproteins were expressed 48 h post-infection. A protein with approximately molecular weight of 64-kDa and 98-kDa for HSV-1 gD and VZV gE respectively was expressed and confirmed by SDS. Proteins were detected in insect cells cytoplasm and outer membrane by immunofluorescence. The antigenicity and immunoreactivity of each protein were confirmed by immunoblot and ELISA. Results suggest that this system can be an alternative to the traditional baculovirus expression for small scale expression system in insect cells.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1497-1504
Number of pages8
JournalSaudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Issue number7
Early online date10 May 2016
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2017