Exercise as Medicine for Mental and Substance Use DisordersCitation formats

  • External authors:
  • Garcia Ashdown-Franks
  • Andre F. Carvalho
  • Mats Hallgren
  • Ai Koyanagi
  • Simon Rosenbaum
  • Felipe B. Schuch
  • Lee Smith
  • Marco Solmi
  • Davy Vancampfort
  • Brendon Stubbs

Standard

Exercise as Medicine for Mental and Substance Use Disorders : A Meta-review of the Benefits for Neuropsychiatric and Cognitive Outcomes. / Ashdown-Franks, Garcia; Firth, Joseph; Carney, Rebekah; Carvalho, Andre F.; Hallgren, Mats; Koyanagi, Ai; Rosenbaum, Simon; Schuch, Felipe B.; Smith, Lee; Solmi, Marco; Vancampfort, Davy; Stubbs, Brendon.

In: Sports Medicine, Vol. 50, No. 1, 01.01.2020, p. 151-170.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Harvard

Ashdown-Franks, G, Firth, J, Carney, R, Carvalho, AF, Hallgren, M, Koyanagi, A, Rosenbaum, S, Schuch, FB, Smith, L, Solmi, M, Vancampfort, D & Stubbs, B 2020, 'Exercise as Medicine for Mental and Substance Use Disorders: A Meta-review of the Benefits for Neuropsychiatric and Cognitive Outcomes', Sports Medicine, vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 151-170. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01187-6

APA

Ashdown-Franks, G., Firth, J., Carney, R., Carvalho, A. F., Hallgren, M., Koyanagi, A., Rosenbaum, S., Schuch, F. B., Smith, L., Solmi, M., Vancampfort, D., & Stubbs, B. (2020). Exercise as Medicine for Mental and Substance Use Disorders: A Meta-review of the Benefits for Neuropsychiatric and Cognitive Outcomes. Sports Medicine, 50(1), 151-170. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01187-6

Vancouver

Author

Ashdown-Franks, Garcia ; Firth, Joseph ; Carney, Rebekah ; Carvalho, Andre F. ; Hallgren, Mats ; Koyanagi, Ai ; Rosenbaum, Simon ; Schuch, Felipe B. ; Smith, Lee ; Solmi, Marco ; Vancampfort, Davy ; Stubbs, Brendon. / Exercise as Medicine for Mental and Substance Use Disorders : A Meta-review of the Benefits for Neuropsychiatric and Cognitive Outcomes. In: Sports Medicine. 2020 ; Vol. 50, No. 1. pp. 151-170.

Bibtex

@article{39c15102c3204a389999c7e5d8c00b0a,
title = "Exercise as Medicine for Mental and Substance Use Disorders: A Meta-review of the Benefits for Neuropsychiatric and Cognitive Outcomes",
abstract = "Background: Exercise may improve neuropsychiatric and cognitive symptoms in people with mental disorders, but the totality of the evidence is unclear. We conducted a meta-review of exercise in (1) serious mental illness (schizophrenia spectrum, bipolar disorder and major depression (MDD)); (2) anxiety and stress disorders; (3) alcohol and substance use disorders; (4) eating disorders (anorexia nervosa bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorders, and (5) other mental disorders (including ADHD, pre/post-natal depression). Methods: Systematic searches of major databases from inception until 1/10/2018 were undertaken to identify meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of exercise in people with clinically diagnosed mental disorders. In the absence of available meta-analyses for a mental disorder, we identified systematic reviews of exercise interventions in people with elevated mental health symptoms that included non-RCTs. Meta-analysis quality was assessed with the AMSTAR/+. Results: Overall, we identified 27 systematic reviews (including 16 meta-analyses representing 152 RCTs). Among those with MDD, we found consistent evidence (meta-analyses = 8) that exercise reduced depression in children, adults and older adults. Evidence also indicates that exercise was more effective than control conditions in reducing anxiety symptoms (meta-analyses = 3), and as an adjunctive treatment for reducing positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia (meta-analyses = 2). Regarding neurocognitive effects, exercise improved global cognition in schizophrenia (meta-analyses = 1), children with ADHD (meta-analyses = 1), but not in MDD (meta-analyses = 1). Among those with elevated symptoms, positive mental health benefits were observed for exercise in people with pre/post-natal depression, anorexia nervosa/bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder and alcohol use disorders/substance use disorders. Adverse events were sparsely reported. Conclusion: Our panoramic meta-overview suggests that exercise can be an effective adjunctive treatment for improving symptoms across a broad range of mental disorders.",
author = "Garcia Ashdown-Franks and Joseph Firth and Rebekah Carney and Carvalho, {Andre F.} and Mats Hallgren and Ai Koyanagi and Simon Rosenbaum and Schuch, {Felipe B.} and Lee Smith and Marco Solmi and Davy Vancampfort and Brendon Stubbs",
year = "2020",
month = jan,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s40279-019-01187-6",
language = "English",
volume = "50",
pages = "151--170",
journal = "Sports Medicine",
issn = "0112-1642",
publisher = "Springer Nature",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Exercise as Medicine for Mental and Substance Use Disorders

T2 - A Meta-review of the Benefits for Neuropsychiatric and Cognitive Outcomes

AU - Ashdown-Franks, Garcia

AU - Firth, Joseph

AU - Carney, Rebekah

AU - Carvalho, Andre F.

AU - Hallgren, Mats

AU - Koyanagi, Ai

AU - Rosenbaum, Simon

AU - Schuch, Felipe B.

AU - Smith, Lee

AU - Solmi, Marco

AU - Vancampfort, Davy

AU - Stubbs, Brendon

PY - 2020/1/1

Y1 - 2020/1/1

N2 - Background: Exercise may improve neuropsychiatric and cognitive symptoms in people with mental disorders, but the totality of the evidence is unclear. We conducted a meta-review of exercise in (1) serious mental illness (schizophrenia spectrum, bipolar disorder and major depression (MDD)); (2) anxiety and stress disorders; (3) alcohol and substance use disorders; (4) eating disorders (anorexia nervosa bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorders, and (5) other mental disorders (including ADHD, pre/post-natal depression). Methods: Systematic searches of major databases from inception until 1/10/2018 were undertaken to identify meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of exercise in people with clinically diagnosed mental disorders. In the absence of available meta-analyses for a mental disorder, we identified systematic reviews of exercise interventions in people with elevated mental health symptoms that included non-RCTs. Meta-analysis quality was assessed with the AMSTAR/+. Results: Overall, we identified 27 systematic reviews (including 16 meta-analyses representing 152 RCTs). Among those with MDD, we found consistent evidence (meta-analyses = 8) that exercise reduced depression in children, adults and older adults. Evidence also indicates that exercise was more effective than control conditions in reducing anxiety symptoms (meta-analyses = 3), and as an adjunctive treatment for reducing positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia (meta-analyses = 2). Regarding neurocognitive effects, exercise improved global cognition in schizophrenia (meta-analyses = 1), children with ADHD (meta-analyses = 1), but not in MDD (meta-analyses = 1). Among those with elevated symptoms, positive mental health benefits were observed for exercise in people with pre/post-natal depression, anorexia nervosa/bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder and alcohol use disorders/substance use disorders. Adverse events were sparsely reported. Conclusion: Our panoramic meta-overview suggests that exercise can be an effective adjunctive treatment for improving symptoms across a broad range of mental disorders.

AB - Background: Exercise may improve neuropsychiatric and cognitive symptoms in people with mental disorders, but the totality of the evidence is unclear. We conducted a meta-review of exercise in (1) serious mental illness (schizophrenia spectrum, bipolar disorder and major depression (MDD)); (2) anxiety and stress disorders; (3) alcohol and substance use disorders; (4) eating disorders (anorexia nervosa bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorders, and (5) other mental disorders (including ADHD, pre/post-natal depression). Methods: Systematic searches of major databases from inception until 1/10/2018 were undertaken to identify meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of exercise in people with clinically diagnosed mental disorders. In the absence of available meta-analyses for a mental disorder, we identified systematic reviews of exercise interventions in people with elevated mental health symptoms that included non-RCTs. Meta-analysis quality was assessed with the AMSTAR/+. Results: Overall, we identified 27 systematic reviews (including 16 meta-analyses representing 152 RCTs). Among those with MDD, we found consistent evidence (meta-analyses = 8) that exercise reduced depression in children, adults and older adults. Evidence also indicates that exercise was more effective than control conditions in reducing anxiety symptoms (meta-analyses = 3), and as an adjunctive treatment for reducing positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia (meta-analyses = 2). Regarding neurocognitive effects, exercise improved global cognition in schizophrenia (meta-analyses = 1), children with ADHD (meta-analyses = 1), but not in MDD (meta-analyses = 1). Among those with elevated symptoms, positive mental health benefits were observed for exercise in people with pre/post-natal depression, anorexia nervosa/bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder and alcohol use disorders/substance use disorders. Adverse events were sparsely reported. Conclusion: Our panoramic meta-overview suggests that exercise can be an effective adjunctive treatment for improving symptoms across a broad range of mental disorders.

U2 - 10.1007/s40279-019-01187-6

DO - 10.1007/s40279-019-01187-6

M3 - Review article

C2 - 31541410

AN - SCOPUS:85073942761

VL - 50

SP - 151

EP - 170

JO - Sports Medicine

JF - Sports Medicine

SN - 0112-1642

IS - 1

ER -