Environmental contaminants in fish from unmanaged inland UK waterwaysCitation formats

  • External authors:
  • Alwyn Fernandes
  • M Carr
  • K Harmannij
  • M Miller
  • E Greene
  • F Smith
  • Sean Panton

Standard

Environmental contaminants in fish from unmanaged inland UK waterways. / Rose, Martin; Fernandes, Alwyn; Carr, M; Harmannij, K; Miller, M; Greene, E; Smith, F; Panton, Sean.

London : Food Standards Agency, 2010. 115 p. (FD 09/07 ).

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned report

Harvard

Rose, M, Fernandes, A, Carr, M, Harmannij, K, Miller, M, Greene, E, Smith, F & Panton, S 2010, Environmental contaminants in fish from unmanaged inland UK waterways. FD 09/07 , Food Standards Agency, London.

APA

Rose, M., Fernandes, A., Carr, M., Harmannij, K., Miller, M., Greene, E., ... Panton, S. (2010). Environmental contaminants in fish from unmanaged inland UK waterways. (FD 09/07 ). London: Food Standards Agency.

Vancouver

Rose M, Fernandes A, Carr M, Harmannij K, Miller M, Greene E et al. Environmental contaminants in fish from unmanaged inland UK waterways. London: Food Standards Agency, 2010. 115 p. (FD 09/07 ).

Author

Rose, Martin ; Fernandes, Alwyn ; Carr, M ; Harmannij, K ; Miller, M ; Greene, E ; Smith, F ; Panton, Sean. / Environmental contaminants in fish from unmanaged inland UK waterways. London : Food Standards Agency, 2010. 115 p. (FD 09/07 ).

Bibtex

@book{c6280af70c764d698116f6cbcf7b2d48,
title = "Environmental contaminants in fish from unmanaged inland UK waterways",
abstract = "There is growing evidence that more people are consuming freshwater fish. Thischange is resulting from increased numbers of migrants from Eastern Europe where thisis part of traditional culture, and because of a desire to try new foods encouraged bycelebrity chefs.2. Fish can bio-accumulate environmental contaminants, and can contribute a signicantamount to dietary exposure to these chemicals. Rivers are the pathway that many ofthese chemicals enter the sea and due to the relatively limited volume of water withininland waters, can contain higher levels of pollution.3. This study examines the changing habits of anglers and consumers and characterises arange of existing and emerging contaminants in freshwater fish species with a view todetermine current levels of occurrence and to allow estimation of consumer exposure.4. The project was conducted in two stages. The first stage was conducted by ADAS andconsisted of (a) a study that identified freshwater systems that are contaminated eitherby anthropogenic activity or as a result of the geology of the area and (b) marketresearch was conducted in order to assess the consumption habits of the public withrespect of fish and shellfish from unmanaged freshwaters and the possible transfer ofenvironmental contaminants to these consumers. Regional differences and populationsub-groups were considered, and the habits of unlicensed anglers were included in thestudy where possible. This part of the study also identified those species most widelyconsumed by anglers and the public.5. This first stage was followed by evaluation and selection of specific rivers andwaterways that were chosen for investigation, along with the range of contaminants tobe included in the analytical programme. The second stage of the project involved thecollection of samples followed by analysis according to the protocol devised in the firststage. Page 4 of 1156. A range of fish species from a variety of inland water habitats were obtained,comprising 46 freshwater fish samples. These were analysed for the followingcontaminants:• Heavy Metals • Chlorinated Dioxins (PCDD/Fs)• Polybrominated biphenyls (PBBs) • Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)• Brominated dioxins (PBDD/Fs) • Polychlorinated naphthalenes (PCNs)• Polybrominated diphenylethers (PBDEs) • OC Pesticides• Organotin compounds • Organo-fluorine compounds7. No samples were in breach of legal limits since these only apply to food on retail sale tothe public. Some samples did exceed the existing regulated limits for dioxin and PCBsthat apply to fish that is on retail sale to the public. The maximum detected dioxin andPCB WHO-TEQ was over 32 ng/kg for a sample of barbel from the River Don, and 6samples in total exceeded the 8 ng/kg limit.8. The results of this study confirm the occurrence of a wide range of environmentalcontaminants in freshwater fish species and underline the ubiquity and persistence ofthese compounds. This is evident from the occurrence of both, legacy contaminants(PBBs, PCNs and PCBs), as well as more recently introduced chemicals (deca-BDE andPFCs).9. This report represents the first study of such a comprehensive set of contaminants in fishfrom unmagend inland waterways and as such is unique. The data will allow apreliminary estimation of dietary intake for consumers of these foods. However,considerable uncertainty would remain within these estimates, given the limited numberof sites from where samples were taken and also the fact that these were identified aslikely to be most contaminated. The data also provides information on the currentbackground levels of these emerging and existing contaminants. A parallel study fundedby the Food Standards Agency in Scotland, which investigates a similar range ofcontaminants in marine and freshwater fish and shellfish, has recently been completed.The combined information from these two sets of complementary data may allow morerefined estimates of human exposure.",
author = "Martin Rose and Alwyn Fernandes and M Carr and K Harmannij and M Miller and E Greene and F Smith and Sean Panton",
year = "2010",
language = "Undefined",
series = "FD 09/07",
publisher = "Food Standards Agency",
address = "United Kingdom",

}

RIS

TY - BOOK

T1 - Environmental contaminants in fish from unmanaged inland UK waterways

AU - Rose, Martin

AU - Fernandes, Alwyn

AU - Carr, M

AU - Harmannij, K

AU - Miller, M

AU - Greene, E

AU - Smith, F

AU - Panton, Sean

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - There is growing evidence that more people are consuming freshwater fish. Thischange is resulting from increased numbers of migrants from Eastern Europe where thisis part of traditional culture, and because of a desire to try new foods encouraged bycelebrity chefs.2. Fish can bio-accumulate environmental contaminants, and can contribute a signicantamount to dietary exposure to these chemicals. Rivers are the pathway that many ofthese chemicals enter the sea and due to the relatively limited volume of water withininland waters, can contain higher levels of pollution.3. This study examines the changing habits of anglers and consumers and characterises arange of existing and emerging contaminants in freshwater fish species with a view todetermine current levels of occurrence and to allow estimation of consumer exposure.4. The project was conducted in two stages. The first stage was conducted by ADAS andconsisted of (a) a study that identified freshwater systems that are contaminated eitherby anthropogenic activity or as a result of the geology of the area and (b) marketresearch was conducted in order to assess the consumption habits of the public withrespect of fish and shellfish from unmanaged freshwaters and the possible transfer ofenvironmental contaminants to these consumers. Regional differences and populationsub-groups were considered, and the habits of unlicensed anglers were included in thestudy where possible. This part of the study also identified those species most widelyconsumed by anglers and the public.5. This first stage was followed by evaluation and selection of specific rivers andwaterways that were chosen for investigation, along with the range of contaminants tobe included in the analytical programme. The second stage of the project involved thecollection of samples followed by analysis according to the protocol devised in the firststage. Page 4 of 1156. A range of fish species from a variety of inland water habitats were obtained,comprising 46 freshwater fish samples. These were analysed for the followingcontaminants:• Heavy Metals • Chlorinated Dioxins (PCDD/Fs)• Polybrominated biphenyls (PBBs) • Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)• Brominated dioxins (PBDD/Fs) • Polychlorinated naphthalenes (PCNs)• Polybrominated diphenylethers (PBDEs) • OC Pesticides• Organotin compounds • Organo-fluorine compounds7. No samples were in breach of legal limits since these only apply to food on retail sale tothe public. Some samples did exceed the existing regulated limits for dioxin and PCBsthat apply to fish that is on retail sale to the public. The maximum detected dioxin andPCB WHO-TEQ was over 32 ng/kg for a sample of barbel from the River Don, and 6samples in total exceeded the 8 ng/kg limit.8. The results of this study confirm the occurrence of a wide range of environmentalcontaminants in freshwater fish species and underline the ubiquity and persistence ofthese compounds. This is evident from the occurrence of both, legacy contaminants(PBBs, PCNs and PCBs), as well as more recently introduced chemicals (deca-BDE andPFCs).9. This report represents the first study of such a comprehensive set of contaminants in fishfrom unmagend inland waterways and as such is unique. The data will allow apreliminary estimation of dietary intake for consumers of these foods. However,considerable uncertainty would remain within these estimates, given the limited numberof sites from where samples were taken and also the fact that these were identified aslikely to be most contaminated. The data also provides information on the currentbackground levels of these emerging and existing contaminants. A parallel study fundedby the Food Standards Agency in Scotland, which investigates a similar range ofcontaminants in marine and freshwater fish and shellfish, has recently been completed.The combined information from these two sets of complementary data may allow morerefined estimates of human exposure.

AB - There is growing evidence that more people are consuming freshwater fish. Thischange is resulting from increased numbers of migrants from Eastern Europe where thisis part of traditional culture, and because of a desire to try new foods encouraged bycelebrity chefs.2. Fish can bio-accumulate environmental contaminants, and can contribute a signicantamount to dietary exposure to these chemicals. Rivers are the pathway that many ofthese chemicals enter the sea and due to the relatively limited volume of water withininland waters, can contain higher levels of pollution.3. This study examines the changing habits of anglers and consumers and characterises arange of existing and emerging contaminants in freshwater fish species with a view todetermine current levels of occurrence and to allow estimation of consumer exposure.4. The project was conducted in two stages. The first stage was conducted by ADAS andconsisted of (a) a study that identified freshwater systems that are contaminated eitherby anthropogenic activity or as a result of the geology of the area and (b) marketresearch was conducted in order to assess the consumption habits of the public withrespect of fish and shellfish from unmanaged freshwaters and the possible transfer ofenvironmental contaminants to these consumers. Regional differences and populationsub-groups were considered, and the habits of unlicensed anglers were included in thestudy where possible. This part of the study also identified those species most widelyconsumed by anglers and the public.5. This first stage was followed by evaluation and selection of specific rivers andwaterways that were chosen for investigation, along with the range of contaminants tobe included in the analytical programme. The second stage of the project involved thecollection of samples followed by analysis according to the protocol devised in the firststage. Page 4 of 1156. A range of fish species from a variety of inland water habitats were obtained,comprising 46 freshwater fish samples. These were analysed for the followingcontaminants:• Heavy Metals • Chlorinated Dioxins (PCDD/Fs)• Polybrominated biphenyls (PBBs) • Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)• Brominated dioxins (PBDD/Fs) • Polychlorinated naphthalenes (PCNs)• Polybrominated diphenylethers (PBDEs) • OC Pesticides• Organotin compounds • Organo-fluorine compounds7. No samples were in breach of legal limits since these only apply to food on retail sale tothe public. Some samples did exceed the existing regulated limits for dioxin and PCBsthat apply to fish that is on retail sale to the public. The maximum detected dioxin andPCB WHO-TEQ was over 32 ng/kg for a sample of barbel from the River Don, and 6samples in total exceeded the 8 ng/kg limit.8. The results of this study confirm the occurrence of a wide range of environmentalcontaminants in freshwater fish species and underline the ubiquity and persistence ofthese compounds. This is evident from the occurrence of both, legacy contaminants(PBBs, PCNs and PCBs), as well as more recently introduced chemicals (deca-BDE andPFCs).9. This report represents the first study of such a comprehensive set of contaminants in fishfrom unmagend inland waterways and as such is unique. The data will allow apreliminary estimation of dietary intake for consumers of these foods. However,considerable uncertainty would remain within these estimates, given the limited numberof sites from where samples were taken and also the fact that these were identified aslikely to be most contaminated. The data also provides information on the currentbackground levels of these emerging and existing contaminants. A parallel study fundedby the Food Standards Agency in Scotland, which investigates a similar range ofcontaminants in marine and freshwater fish and shellfish, has recently been completed.The combined information from these two sets of complementary data may allow morerefined estimates of human exposure.

UR - http://www.foodstandards.gov.scot/sites/default/files/571-1-1002_C01041_Contaminants_in_fish_and_shellfish_from_unmanaged_inland_UK_waterways_final_reportx.pdf

M3 - Commissioned report

T3 - FD 09/07

BT - Environmental contaminants in fish from unmanaged inland UK waterways

PB - Food Standards Agency

CY - London

ER -