El-La: The impact of degraded semantic representations on knowledge of grammatical gender in semantic dementiaCitation formats

  • External authors:
  • Karen Sage
  • Cristina Green Heredia
  • Marcelo L. Berthier
  • Macarena Martínez-Cuitiño
  • Teresa Torralva
  • Facundo Manes
  • Karalyn Patterson

Standard

El-La: The impact of degraded semantic representations on knowledge of grammatical gender in semantic dementia. / Ralph, Matthew A Lambon; Sage, Karen; Heredia, Cristina Green; Berthier, Marcelo L.; Martínez-Cuitiño, Macarena; Torralva, Teresa; Manes, Facundo; Patterson, Karalyn.

In: Acta Neuropsychologica, Vol. 9, No. 2, 2011, p. 115-131.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Ralph, MAL, Sage, K, Heredia, CG, Berthier, ML, Martínez-Cuitiño, M, Torralva, T, Manes, F & Patterson, K 2011, 'El-La: The impact of degraded semantic representations on knowledge of grammatical gender in semantic dementia', Acta Neuropsychologica, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 115-131.

APA

Ralph, M. A. L., Sage, K., Heredia, C. G., Berthier, M. L., Martínez-Cuitiño, M., Torralva, T., ... Patterson, K. (2011). El-La: The impact of degraded semantic representations on knowledge of grammatical gender in semantic dementia. Acta Neuropsychologica, 9(2), 115-131.

Vancouver

Ralph MAL, Sage K, Heredia CG, Berthier ML, Martínez-Cuitiño M, Torralva T et al. El-La: The impact of degraded semantic representations on knowledge of grammatical gender in semantic dementia. Acta Neuropsychologica. 2011;9(2):115-131.

Author

Ralph, Matthew A Lambon ; Sage, Karen ; Heredia, Cristina Green ; Berthier, Marcelo L. ; Martínez-Cuitiño, Macarena ; Torralva, Teresa ; Manes, Facundo ; Patterson, Karalyn. / El-La: The impact of degraded semantic representations on knowledge of grammatical gender in semantic dementia. In: Acta Neuropsychologica. 2011 ; Vol. 9, No. 2. pp. 115-131.

Bibtex

@article{c6560086324f4c6cae8e5bc12cb39b6e,
title = "El-La: The impact of degraded semantic representations on knowledge of grammatical gender in semantic dementia",
abstract = "Previous research on semantic dementia (SD) has demonstrated a link between conceptual representations and ability on a range of 'non-semantic' tasks, both verbal and nonverbal. In all cases, SD patients perform well on items that conform to the underlying statistical 'surface' structure of the domain in question but poor performance on items that are atypical with respect to these statistics. For such items, there is a strong tendency for the patients' erroneous responses to reflect the more typical pattern. To date, most research on this topic has been conducted with Englishspeaking patients, and where extended to non-English languages, directly comparable aspects of each language have been probed. In this study we tested the generalisation of this theory by probing performance on an aspect of Spanish with no analogue in English (grammatical gender). As predicted, Spanish SD patients provided the correct gender to high frequency words or where the phonology of the noun strongly predicted the gender. For low frequency, atypical nouns, however, the patients made many more errors (preferring the statistically typical gender). As expected, performance on nouns with atypical grammatical gender was strongly correlated with the degree of semantic impairment across the case-series of SD patients. The results not only provide another example of the critical relationship between semantic memory and 'non-semantic' cognition, but also indicate that this theoretical framework generalises to novel aspects of non-English languages - suggesting that the phenomenon is based on brain-general mechanisms.",
keywords = "Grammatical knowledge, Language, Quasi-regular domain, Semantic dementia, Semantic memory",
author = "Ralph, {Matthew A Lambon} and Karen Sage and Heredia, {Cristina Green} and Berthier, {Marcelo L.} and Macarena Mart{\'i}nez-Cuiti{\~n}o and Teresa Torralva and Facundo Manes and Karalyn Patterson",
year = "2011",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
pages = "115--131",
journal = "Acta Neuropsychologica",
issn = "1730-7503",
publisher = "Agencja Wydawnicza Medsportpress",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - El-La: The impact of degraded semantic representations on knowledge of grammatical gender in semantic dementia

AU - Ralph, Matthew A Lambon

AU - Sage, Karen

AU - Heredia, Cristina Green

AU - Berthier, Marcelo L.

AU - Martínez-Cuitiño, Macarena

AU - Torralva, Teresa

AU - Manes, Facundo

AU - Patterson, Karalyn

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - Previous research on semantic dementia (SD) has demonstrated a link between conceptual representations and ability on a range of 'non-semantic' tasks, both verbal and nonverbal. In all cases, SD patients perform well on items that conform to the underlying statistical 'surface' structure of the domain in question but poor performance on items that are atypical with respect to these statistics. For such items, there is a strong tendency for the patients' erroneous responses to reflect the more typical pattern. To date, most research on this topic has been conducted with Englishspeaking patients, and where extended to non-English languages, directly comparable aspects of each language have been probed. In this study we tested the generalisation of this theory by probing performance on an aspect of Spanish with no analogue in English (grammatical gender). As predicted, Spanish SD patients provided the correct gender to high frequency words or where the phonology of the noun strongly predicted the gender. For low frequency, atypical nouns, however, the patients made many more errors (preferring the statistically typical gender). As expected, performance on nouns with atypical grammatical gender was strongly correlated with the degree of semantic impairment across the case-series of SD patients. The results not only provide another example of the critical relationship between semantic memory and 'non-semantic' cognition, but also indicate that this theoretical framework generalises to novel aspects of non-English languages - suggesting that the phenomenon is based on brain-general mechanisms.

AB - Previous research on semantic dementia (SD) has demonstrated a link between conceptual representations and ability on a range of 'non-semantic' tasks, both verbal and nonverbal. In all cases, SD patients perform well on items that conform to the underlying statistical 'surface' structure of the domain in question but poor performance on items that are atypical with respect to these statistics. For such items, there is a strong tendency for the patients' erroneous responses to reflect the more typical pattern. To date, most research on this topic has been conducted with Englishspeaking patients, and where extended to non-English languages, directly comparable aspects of each language have been probed. In this study we tested the generalisation of this theory by probing performance on an aspect of Spanish with no analogue in English (grammatical gender). As predicted, Spanish SD patients provided the correct gender to high frequency words or where the phonology of the noun strongly predicted the gender. For low frequency, atypical nouns, however, the patients made many more errors (preferring the statistically typical gender). As expected, performance on nouns with atypical grammatical gender was strongly correlated with the degree of semantic impairment across the case-series of SD patients. The results not only provide another example of the critical relationship between semantic memory and 'non-semantic' cognition, but also indicate that this theoretical framework generalises to novel aspects of non-English languages - suggesting that the phenomenon is based on brain-general mechanisms.

KW - Grammatical knowledge

KW - Language

KW - Quasi-regular domain

KW - Semantic dementia

KW - Semantic memory

M3 - Article

VL - 9

SP - 115

EP - 131

JO - Acta Neuropsychologica

T2 - Acta Neuropsychologica

JF - Acta Neuropsychologica

SN - 1730-7503

IS - 2

ER -