Elevation alters ecosystem properties across temperate treelines globallyCitation formats

  • External authors:
  • Jordan R. Mayor
  • Nathan J. Sanders
  • Aimée T. Classen
  • Jean Christophe Clément
  • Alex Fajardo
  • Sandra Lavorel
  • Maja K. Sundqvist
  • Michael Bahn
  • Chelsea Chisholm
  • Ellen Cieraad
  • Ze’ev Gedalof
  • Karl Grigulis
  • Gaku Kudo
  • Daniel Oberski
  • David A. Wardle

Standard

Elevation alters ecosystem properties across temperate treelines globally. / Mayor, Jordan R.; Sanders, Nathan J.; Classen, Aimée T.; Bardgett, Richard; Clément, Jean Christophe; Fajardo, Alex; Lavorel, Sandra; Sundqvist, Maja K.; Bahn, Michael; Chisholm, Chelsea; Cieraad, Ellen; Gedalof, Ze’ev; Grigulis, Karl; Kudo, Gaku; Oberski, Daniel; Wardle, David A.

In: Nature, 25.01.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Mayor, JR, Sanders, NJ, Classen, AT, Bardgett, R, Clément, JC, Fajardo, A, Lavorel, S, Sundqvist, MK, Bahn, M, Chisholm, C, Cieraad, E, Gedalof, Z, Grigulis, K, Kudo, G, Oberski, D & Wardle, DA 2017, 'Elevation alters ecosystem properties across temperate treelines globally' Nature. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature21027

APA

Mayor, J. R., Sanders, N. J., Classen, A. T., Bardgett, R., Clément, J. C., Fajardo, A., ... Wardle, D. A. (2017). Elevation alters ecosystem properties across temperate treelines globally. Nature. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature21027

Vancouver

Mayor JR, Sanders NJ, Classen AT, Bardgett R, Clément JC, Fajardo A et al. Elevation alters ecosystem properties across temperate treelines globally. Nature. 2017 Jan 25. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature21027

Author

Mayor, Jordan R. ; Sanders, Nathan J. ; Classen, Aimée T. ; Bardgett, Richard ; Clément, Jean Christophe ; Fajardo, Alex ; Lavorel, Sandra ; Sundqvist, Maja K. ; Bahn, Michael ; Chisholm, Chelsea ; Cieraad, Ellen ; Gedalof, Ze’ev ; Grigulis, Karl ; Kudo, Gaku ; Oberski, Daniel ; Wardle, David A. / Elevation alters ecosystem properties across temperate treelines globally. In: Nature. 2017.

Bibtex

@article{971612182fce462fa5f3684f98dbfdc7,
title = "Elevation alters ecosystem properties across temperate treelines globally",
abstract = "Temperature is a primary driver of the distribution of biodiversity as well as of ecosystem boundaries1,2. Declining temperature with increasing elevation in montane systems has long been recognized as a major factor shaping plant community biodiversity, metabolic processes, and ecosystem dynamics3,4. Elevational gradients, as thermoclines, also enable prediction of long-term ecological responses to climate warming5–7. One of the most striking manifestations of increasing elevation is the abrupt transitions from forest to treeless alpine tundra8. However, whether there are globally consistent above- and belowground responses to these transitions remains an open question4. To disentangle the direct and indirect effects of temperature on ecosystem properties, here we evaluate replicate treeline ecotones in seven temperate regions of the world. We find that declining temperatures with increasing elevation did not affect tree leaf nutrient concentrations, but did reduce ground-layer community-weighted plant nitrogen, leading to strong stoichiometric convergence of ground-layer plant community nitrogen to phosphorus ratios across all regions. Further, elevation-driven changes in plant nutrients were associated with changes in soil organic matter content and quality (carbon to nitrogen ratios) and microbial properties. Combined, our identification of direct and indirect temperature controls over plant communities and soil properties in seven contrasting regions suggests that future warming may disrupt the functional properties of montane ecosystems, particularly where plant community reorganization outpaces treeline advance.",
author = "Mayor, {Jordan R.} and Sanders, {Nathan J.} and Classen, {Aim{\'e}e T.} and Richard Bardgett and Cl{\'e}ment, {Jean Christophe} and Alex Fajardo and Sandra Lavorel and Sundqvist, {Maja K.} and Michael Bahn and Chelsea Chisholm and Ellen Cieraad and Ze’ev Gedalof and Karl Grigulis and Gaku Kudo and Daniel Oberski and Wardle, {David A.}",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
day = "25",
doi = "10.1038/nature21027",
language = "English",
journal = "Nature -London-",
issn = "0028-0836",
publisher = "Springer Nature",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Elevation alters ecosystem properties across temperate treelines globally

AU - Mayor, Jordan R.

AU - Sanders, Nathan J.

AU - Classen, Aimée T.

AU - Bardgett, Richard

AU - Clément, Jean Christophe

AU - Fajardo, Alex

AU - Lavorel, Sandra

AU - Sundqvist, Maja K.

AU - Bahn, Michael

AU - Chisholm, Chelsea

AU - Cieraad, Ellen

AU - Gedalof, Ze’ev

AU - Grigulis, Karl

AU - Kudo, Gaku

AU - Oberski, Daniel

AU - Wardle, David A.

PY - 2017/1/25

Y1 - 2017/1/25

N2 - Temperature is a primary driver of the distribution of biodiversity as well as of ecosystem boundaries1,2. Declining temperature with increasing elevation in montane systems has long been recognized as a major factor shaping plant community biodiversity, metabolic processes, and ecosystem dynamics3,4. Elevational gradients, as thermoclines, also enable prediction of long-term ecological responses to climate warming5–7. One of the most striking manifestations of increasing elevation is the abrupt transitions from forest to treeless alpine tundra8. However, whether there are globally consistent above- and belowground responses to these transitions remains an open question4. To disentangle the direct and indirect effects of temperature on ecosystem properties, here we evaluate replicate treeline ecotones in seven temperate regions of the world. We find that declining temperatures with increasing elevation did not affect tree leaf nutrient concentrations, but did reduce ground-layer community-weighted plant nitrogen, leading to strong stoichiometric convergence of ground-layer plant community nitrogen to phosphorus ratios across all regions. Further, elevation-driven changes in plant nutrients were associated with changes in soil organic matter content and quality (carbon to nitrogen ratios) and microbial properties. Combined, our identification of direct and indirect temperature controls over plant communities and soil properties in seven contrasting regions suggests that future warming may disrupt the functional properties of montane ecosystems, particularly where plant community reorganization outpaces treeline advance.

AB - Temperature is a primary driver of the distribution of biodiversity as well as of ecosystem boundaries1,2. Declining temperature with increasing elevation in montane systems has long been recognized as a major factor shaping plant community biodiversity, metabolic processes, and ecosystem dynamics3,4. Elevational gradients, as thermoclines, also enable prediction of long-term ecological responses to climate warming5–7. One of the most striking manifestations of increasing elevation is the abrupt transitions from forest to treeless alpine tundra8. However, whether there are globally consistent above- and belowground responses to these transitions remains an open question4. To disentangle the direct and indirect effects of temperature on ecosystem properties, here we evaluate replicate treeline ecotones in seven temperate regions of the world. We find that declining temperatures with increasing elevation did not affect tree leaf nutrient concentrations, but did reduce ground-layer community-weighted plant nitrogen, leading to strong stoichiometric convergence of ground-layer plant community nitrogen to phosphorus ratios across all regions. Further, elevation-driven changes in plant nutrients were associated with changes in soil organic matter content and quality (carbon to nitrogen ratios) and microbial properties. Combined, our identification of direct and indirect temperature controls over plant communities and soil properties in seven contrasting regions suggests that future warming may disrupt the functional properties of montane ecosystems, particularly where plant community reorganization outpaces treeline advance.

U2 - 10.1038/nature21027

DO - 10.1038/nature21027

M3 - Article

JO - Nature -London-

JF - Nature -London-

SN - 0028-0836

ER -