Efficient Approximation of Expected Hypervolume Improvement using Gauss-Hermite Quadrature

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Abstract

Many methods for performing multi-objective optimisation of computationally expensive problems have been proposed recently. Typically, a probabilistic surrogate for each objective is constructed from an initial dataset. The surrogates can then be used to produce predictive densities in the objective space for any solution. Using the predictive densities, we can compute the expected hypervolume improvement (EHVI) due to a solution. Maximising the EHVI, we can locate the most promising solution that may be expensively evaluated next. There are closed-form expressions for computing the EHVI, integrating over the multivariate predictive densities. However, they require partitioning the objective space, which can be prohibitively expensive for more than three objectives. Furthermore, there are no closed-form expressions for a problem where the predictive densities are dependent, capturing the correlations
between objectives. Monte Carlo approximation is used instead in such cases, which is not cheap. Hence, the need to develop new accurate but cheaper approximation methods remains. Here we investigate an alternative approach toward approximating the EHVI using Gauss-Hermite quadrature.We show that it can be an accurate alternative to Monte Carlo for both independent and correlated predictive densities with statistically signicant rank correlations for a range of popular test problems.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationParallel Problem Solving from Nature (PPSN XVII)
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 6 Jun 2022