Effective cascade screening through identification of a mutation in RYR2 in a large family with a history of sudden death.

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Abstract

Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) is an inherited arrhythmogenic disorder which usually presents in the first or second decade of life with syncope, which is typically induced by emotional stress or exercise. We describe a large family with a history of three sudden unexpected deaths. Investigations in the sibling of a deceased individual affected by emotion-induced syncope revealed ventricular bigeminy. Molecular genetic testing was performed on one symptomatic individual and a missense mutation in RYR2 was identified consistent with a diagnosis of CPVT. Subsequent cascade testing of family members excluded 37 of 43 individuals from risk and facilitated preventative intervention. This case highlights the value of genotyping in sudden cardiac death by defining the precise diagnosis and through the identification and exclusion of at-risk individuals.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-13
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Cardiology Cases
Volume13
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2015