Edge structure of graphene monolayers in the ν=0 quantum Hall state

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Monolayer graphene at neutrality in the quantum Hall regime has many competing ground states with various types of ordering. The outcome of this competition is modified by the presence of the sample boundaries. In this paper we use a Hartree-Fock treatment of the electronic correlations allowing for space-dependent ordering. The armchair edge influence is modeled by a simple perturbative effective magnetic field in valley space. We find that all phases found in the bulk of the sample, ferromagnetic, canted antiferromagnetic, charge-density wave, and Kekulé distortion, are smoothly connected to a Kekulé-distorted edge. The single-particle excitations are computed taking into account the spatial variation of the order parameters. An eventual metal-insulator transition as a function of the Zeeman energy is not simply related to the type of bulk order.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
Article number165110
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 9 Oct 2015