The Rohingya crisis is the fourth largest displacement of population in the world, with
most the refugees sheltering in neighbouring Bangladesh. We use this event as a natural
experiment to examine the impact of the sudden influx of Rohingyas on the prices in the host
regions of Bangladesh. We have pieced together a unique data set on food prices based on
unpublished information at the local government levels covering pre- and post-influx period.
We use the difference-in-difference method to identify the causal impact of the refugee influx
on the prices in the local area. Our baseline results indicate that overall food prices increased
by 9 percent in the host regions, with prices of protein and vegetables increasing by 8 and 36
percent respectively. For aid-supplied food products, such as cereals, the we do not find any
statistically significant increase in prices.