Early metal bis(phosphorus-stabilised)carbene chemistry

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Since the discovery of covalently-bound mid- and late-transition metal carbenes there has been a spectacular explosion of interest in their chemistry, but their early metal counterparts have lagged behind. In recent years, bis(phosphorus-stabilised)carbenes have emerged as valuable ligands for metals across the periodic table, and their use has in particular greatly expanded covalently-bound early metal carbene chemistry. In this tutorial review we introduce the reader to bis(phosphorus-stabilised)carbenes, and cover general preparative methods, structure and bonding features, and emerging reactivity studies of early metal derivatives (groups 1–4 and the f-elements).

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2164-2176
Number of pages12
JournalChemical Society Reviews
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2011