Drug-drug interaction predictions with PBPK models and optimal multiresponse sampling time designs: Application to midazolam and a phase i compound. Part 1: Comparison of uniresponse and multiresponse designs using PopDes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Purpose To determine the optimal sampling time design of a drug-drug interaction (DDI) study for the estimation of apparent clearances (CL/F) of two co-administered drugs (SX, a phase I compound, potentially a CYP3A4 inhibitor, and MDZ, a reference CYP3A4 substrate) without any in vivo data using physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) predictions, population PK modelling and multiresponse optimal design. Methods PBPK models were developed with AcslXtreme using only in vitro data to simulate PK profiles of both drugs when they were co-administered. Then, using simulated data, population PK models were developed with NONMEM and optimal sampling times were determined by optimizing the determinant of the population Fisher information matrix with PopDes using either two uniresponse designs (UD) or a multiresponse design (MD) with joint sampling times for both drugs. Finally, the D-optimal sampling time designs were evaluated by simulation and re-estimation with NONMEM by computing the relative root mean squared error (RMSE) and empirical relative standard errors (RSE) of CL/F. Results There were four and five optimal sampling times (=nine different sampling times) in the UDs for SX and MDZ, respectively, whereas there were only five sampling times in the MD. Whatever design and compound, CL/F was well estimated (RSE <20% for MDZ and

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)635-659
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2008