Double Reduction of 4,4′-Bipyridine and Reductive Coupling of Pyridine by Two Thorium(III) Single-Electron Transfers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • External authors:
  • Alasdair Formanuik
  • Fabrizio Ortu
  • Jingjing Liu
  • Lydia Nodaraki
  • Andrew Kerridge


The redox chemistry of uranium is burgeoning and uranium(III) complexes have been shown to promote many interesting synthetic transformations. However, their utility is limited by their reduction potentials, which are smaller than many non-traditional lanthanide(II) complexes. Thorium(III) has a greater redox potential so it should present unprecedented opportunities for actinide reactivity but as with uranium(II) and thorium(II) chemistry, these have not yet been fully realized. Herein we present reactivity studies of two equivalents of [Th(Cp′′)3] (1, Cp′′={C5H3(SiMe3)2-1,3}) with 4,4′-bipyridine or two equivalents of pyridine to give [{Th(Cp′′)3}2{μ-(NC5H4)2}] (2) and [{Th(Cp′′)3}2{μ-(NC5H5)2}] (3), respectively. As relatively large reduction potentials are required to effect these transformations we have shown that thorium(III) can promote reactions that uranium(III) cannot, opening up promising new reductive chemistry for the actinides.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2290-2293
Number of pages4
JournalChemistry: A European Journal
Issue number10
Early online date25 Jan 2017
StatePublished - 16 Feb 2017