Differential Acculturation: A Study of Well-Being Differences in Intergenerational Social Mobility between Rural and Urban ChinaCitation formats

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@article{be088a4e393643b7b312c8f059760f50,
title = "Differential Acculturation: A Study of Well-Being Differences in Intergenerational Social Mobility between Rural and Urban China",
abstract = "This article examines the effects of China’s household registration (hukou) system, which divides the population into rural and urban sectors with differential benefits and entitlements, on the link between intergenerational social mobility and people’s well-being. Using China General Social Surveys of 2005 and 2011, we find that upward mobility has a similarly positive effect in the urban and the rural sectors but downward mobility has a markedly negative effect chiefly in the rural sector. We propose a thesis of ‘asymmetrical permeability’ to account for the findings. In the context of rapid economic development and staggering institutional reform, the upwardly mobile in both sectors enjoy ample socio-economic resources as provided by the advantaged destination classes whereas the downwardly mobile depend very much on the hukou status they have. In the urban but not rural sector, families in advantaged positions are able to protect the downwardly mobile offspring in their well-being. It is therefore the differences in the hukou system that explain the differential acculturation.",
keywords = "China, Diagonal reference model, household registration (hukou) system, intergenerational social mobility, subjective well-being",
author = "Yizhang Zhao and Yaojun Li",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1177/0038038518818405",
language = "English",
journal = "Sociology",
issn = "0038-0385",
publisher = "Sage Publications Ltd.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Differential Acculturation: A Study of Well-Being Differences in Intergenerational Social Mobility between Rural and Urban China

AU - Zhao, Yizhang

AU - Li, Yaojun

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - This article examines the effects of China’s household registration (hukou) system, which divides the population into rural and urban sectors with differential benefits and entitlements, on the link between intergenerational social mobility and people’s well-being. Using China General Social Surveys of 2005 and 2011, we find that upward mobility has a similarly positive effect in the urban and the rural sectors but downward mobility has a markedly negative effect chiefly in the rural sector. We propose a thesis of ‘asymmetrical permeability’ to account for the findings. In the context of rapid economic development and staggering institutional reform, the upwardly mobile in both sectors enjoy ample socio-economic resources as provided by the advantaged destination classes whereas the downwardly mobile depend very much on the hukou status they have. In the urban but not rural sector, families in advantaged positions are able to protect the downwardly mobile offspring in their well-being. It is therefore the differences in the hukou system that explain the differential acculturation.

AB - This article examines the effects of China’s household registration (hukou) system, which divides the population into rural and urban sectors with differential benefits and entitlements, on the link between intergenerational social mobility and people’s well-being. Using China General Social Surveys of 2005 and 2011, we find that upward mobility has a similarly positive effect in the urban and the rural sectors but downward mobility has a markedly negative effect chiefly in the rural sector. We propose a thesis of ‘asymmetrical permeability’ to account for the findings. In the context of rapid economic development and staggering institutional reform, the upwardly mobile in both sectors enjoy ample socio-economic resources as provided by the advantaged destination classes whereas the downwardly mobile depend very much on the hukou status they have. In the urban but not rural sector, families in advantaged positions are able to protect the downwardly mobile offspring in their well-being. It is therefore the differences in the hukou system that explain the differential acculturation.

KW - China

KW - Diagonal reference model

KW - household registration (hukou) system

KW - intergenerational social mobility

KW - subjective well-being

U2 - 10.1177/0038038518818405

DO - 10.1177/0038038518818405

M3 - Article

JO - Sociology

JF - Sociology

SN - 0038-0385

ER -