Developmental language disorders and risk of recidivism among young offendersCitation formats

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Developmental language disorders and risk of recidivism among young offenders. / Winstanley, Maxine; Webb, Roger; Conti-Ramsden, Gina.

In: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, Vol. 0, 0, 14.07.2020, p. 0.

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Winstanley, Maxine ; Webb, Roger ; Conti-Ramsden, Gina. / Developmental language disorders and risk of recidivism among young offenders. In: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 2020 ; Vol. 0. pp. 0.

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@article{579dab1ab1df447caf306d590da4bdf3,
title = "Developmental language disorders and risk of recidivism among young offenders",
abstract = "Background: Although factors such as adverse family background have been widely examined, little is known about the prevalence or potential impact of developmental language disorder (DLD) on risk of recidivism in young people with history of criminal justice system contact. Methods: A total of 145 young offenders participated. An adversity score was constructed based on information found in youth justice service records. Data collected included standardised measures of expressive and receptive language, nonverbal IQ and the inventory of callous–unemotional traits. Survival analysis was performed to examine differences in reoffending risk between young offenders with and without DLD. Results: The cumulative incidence of reoffending within a year of the young person's court order was markedly raised in the DLD group (62%; 95% CI 52, 72) versus the non-DLD group (25%; 95% CI 16, 39). Furthermore, in the final multivariable survival analysis the independent elevation in risk linked with DLD was not greatly attenuated with adjustment for nonverbal IQ, adversity score, age at first offence, number of previous offences and deprivation score. DLD was the most significant predictor with an adjusted hazard ratio of 2.61 (95% CI 1.80, 3.78). Conclusions: Young offenders with DLD are more than twice as likely to reoffend than their unaffected offending peers. DLD is a powerful predictor of recidivism above and beyond other known risk factors.",
keywords = "Young offenders, criminality, developmental language disorder, youth justice",
author = "Maxine Winstanley and Roger Webb and Gina Conti-Ramsden",
note = "Funding Information: The authors acknowledge the support of the Economic and Social Research Council (Case studentship ES/J500094/1). For G.C‐R., this research was also supported by the NIHR Manchester Biomedical Research Centre. There was no involvement of the funders in study design, data collection, data analysis, manuscript preparation or journal submission decisions. The authors have declared that they have no competing or potential conflicts of interest. Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} 2020 The Authors. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health Copyright: Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.",
year = "2020",
month = jul,
day = "14",
doi = "10.1111/jcpp.13299",
language = "English",
volume = "0",
pages = "0",
journal = "Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry",
issn = "0021-9630",
publisher = "John Wiley & Sons Ltd",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Developmental language disorders and risk of recidivism among young offenders

AU - Winstanley, Maxine

AU - Webb, Roger

AU - Conti-Ramsden, Gina

N1 - Funding Information: The authors acknowledge the support of the Economic and Social Research Council (Case studentship ES/J500094/1). For G.C‐R., this research was also supported by the NIHR Manchester Biomedical Research Centre. There was no involvement of the funders in study design, data collection, data analysis, manuscript preparation or journal submission decisions. The authors have declared that they have no competing or potential conflicts of interest. Publisher Copyright: © 2020 The Authors. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health Copyright: Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

PY - 2020/7/14

Y1 - 2020/7/14

N2 - Background: Although factors such as adverse family background have been widely examined, little is known about the prevalence or potential impact of developmental language disorder (DLD) on risk of recidivism in young people with history of criminal justice system contact. Methods: A total of 145 young offenders participated. An adversity score was constructed based on information found in youth justice service records. Data collected included standardised measures of expressive and receptive language, nonverbal IQ and the inventory of callous–unemotional traits. Survival analysis was performed to examine differences in reoffending risk between young offenders with and without DLD. Results: The cumulative incidence of reoffending within a year of the young person's court order was markedly raised in the DLD group (62%; 95% CI 52, 72) versus the non-DLD group (25%; 95% CI 16, 39). Furthermore, in the final multivariable survival analysis the independent elevation in risk linked with DLD was not greatly attenuated with adjustment for nonverbal IQ, adversity score, age at first offence, number of previous offences and deprivation score. DLD was the most significant predictor with an adjusted hazard ratio of 2.61 (95% CI 1.80, 3.78). Conclusions: Young offenders with DLD are more than twice as likely to reoffend than their unaffected offending peers. DLD is a powerful predictor of recidivism above and beyond other known risk factors.

AB - Background: Although factors such as adverse family background have been widely examined, little is known about the prevalence or potential impact of developmental language disorder (DLD) on risk of recidivism in young people with history of criminal justice system contact. Methods: A total of 145 young offenders participated. An adversity score was constructed based on information found in youth justice service records. Data collected included standardised measures of expressive and receptive language, nonverbal IQ and the inventory of callous–unemotional traits. Survival analysis was performed to examine differences in reoffending risk between young offenders with and without DLD. Results: The cumulative incidence of reoffending within a year of the young person's court order was markedly raised in the DLD group (62%; 95% CI 52, 72) versus the non-DLD group (25%; 95% CI 16, 39). Furthermore, in the final multivariable survival analysis the independent elevation in risk linked with DLD was not greatly attenuated with adjustment for nonverbal IQ, adversity score, age at first offence, number of previous offences and deprivation score. DLD was the most significant predictor with an adjusted hazard ratio of 2.61 (95% CI 1.80, 3.78). Conclusions: Young offenders with DLD are more than twice as likely to reoffend than their unaffected offending peers. DLD is a powerful predictor of recidivism above and beyond other known risk factors.

KW - Young offenders

KW - criminality

KW - developmental language disorder

KW - youth justice

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85087801699&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/jcpp.13299

DO - 10.1111/jcpp.13299

M3 - Article

VL - 0

SP - 0

JO - Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry

JF - Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry

SN - 0021-9630

M1 - 0

ER -