Demographic and Psychosocial Characteristics of Self-harm: The Pakistan Perspective.Citation formats

  • External authors:
  • M. Omair Hussain
  • Madeha Umer
  • Tayyeba Kiran
  • Sami Ansari
  • Imran Chaudhry

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Demographic and Psychosocial Characteristics of Self-harm: The Pakistan Perspective. / Omair Hussain, M.; Umer, Madeha; Taylor, Peter; Kiran, Tayyeba; Ansari, Sami; Chaudhry, Imran; Husain, Nusrat.

In: Psychiatry Research, 2019.

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Omair Hussain, M. ; Umer, Madeha ; Taylor, Peter ; Kiran, Tayyeba ; Ansari, Sami ; Chaudhry, Imran ; Husain, Nusrat. / Demographic and Psychosocial Characteristics of Self-harm: The Pakistan Perspective. In: Psychiatry Research. 2019.

Bibtex

@article{6ab9f7e6b8b1413ab48cff1d660e7b5f,
title = "Demographic and Psychosocial Characteristics of Self-harm: The Pakistan Perspective.",
abstract = "Self-harm is a major public health issue in Pakistan, yet the characteristics of those who self-harm are under-explored. This is a secondary analysis from a large randomized control trial on the prevention of self-harm, exploring demographic, clinical and psychological characteristics of people who self-harm in Pakistan. A total of 221 participants with a history of self-harm were recruited from medical wards of three major hospitals in Karachi. The Beck Scale for Suicidal Ideation (BSI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS), and Suicide Attempt Self Injury Interview (SASII) assessment scales were completed. The sample consisted predominantly of females (68.8%) in their 20{\textquoteright}s. Interpersonal difficulties were most commonly reported as the main antecedent to the self-harm, followed by financial difficulties. Participants had high severity scores on BSI, BDI and BHS. Pesticide and insecticide use were (n=167, 75.6%) the most common methods of self-harm. The findings indicate that some characteristics of those who self-harm in Pakistan are comparable to other populations. This may raise the possibility of common causal mechanisms and processes. Future research needs to examine the efficacy of interventions targeting these risk factors in reducing rates of self-harm and thus suicide. ",
author = "{Omair Hussain}, M. and Madeha Umer and Peter Taylor and Tayyeba Kiran and Sami Ansari and Imran Chaudhry and Nusrat Husain",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1016/j.psychres.2019.02.070",
language = "English",
journal = "Psychiatry Research",
issn = "0165-1781",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Demographic and Psychosocial Characteristics of Self-harm: The Pakistan Perspective.

AU - Omair Hussain, M.

AU - Umer, Madeha

AU - Taylor, Peter

AU - Kiran, Tayyeba

AU - Ansari, Sami

AU - Chaudhry, Imran

AU - Husain, Nusrat

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Self-harm is a major public health issue in Pakistan, yet the characteristics of those who self-harm are under-explored. This is a secondary analysis from a large randomized control trial on the prevention of self-harm, exploring demographic, clinical and psychological characteristics of people who self-harm in Pakistan. A total of 221 participants with a history of self-harm were recruited from medical wards of three major hospitals in Karachi. The Beck Scale for Suicidal Ideation (BSI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS), and Suicide Attempt Self Injury Interview (SASII) assessment scales were completed. The sample consisted predominantly of females (68.8%) in their 20’s. Interpersonal difficulties were most commonly reported as the main antecedent to the self-harm, followed by financial difficulties. Participants had high severity scores on BSI, BDI and BHS. Pesticide and insecticide use were (n=167, 75.6%) the most common methods of self-harm. The findings indicate that some characteristics of those who self-harm in Pakistan are comparable to other populations. This may raise the possibility of common causal mechanisms and processes. Future research needs to examine the efficacy of interventions targeting these risk factors in reducing rates of self-harm and thus suicide.

AB - Self-harm is a major public health issue in Pakistan, yet the characteristics of those who self-harm are under-explored. This is a secondary analysis from a large randomized control trial on the prevention of self-harm, exploring demographic, clinical and psychological characteristics of people who self-harm in Pakistan. A total of 221 participants with a history of self-harm were recruited from medical wards of three major hospitals in Karachi. The Beck Scale for Suicidal Ideation (BSI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS), and Suicide Attempt Self Injury Interview (SASII) assessment scales were completed. The sample consisted predominantly of females (68.8%) in their 20’s. Interpersonal difficulties were most commonly reported as the main antecedent to the self-harm, followed by financial difficulties. Participants had high severity scores on BSI, BDI and BHS. Pesticide and insecticide use were (n=167, 75.6%) the most common methods of self-harm. The findings indicate that some characteristics of those who self-harm in Pakistan are comparable to other populations. This may raise the possibility of common causal mechanisms and processes. Future research needs to examine the efficacy of interventions targeting these risk factors in reducing rates of self-harm and thus suicide.

U2 - 10.1016/j.psychres.2019.02.070

DO - 10.1016/j.psychres.2019.02.070

M3 - Article

JO - Psychiatry Research

JF - Psychiatry Research

SN - 0165-1781

ER -