Controlling Reactivity by Geometry in Retro-Diels-Alder Reactions Under Tension

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Abstract

Mechanical force, with its ability to distort, bend and stretch chemical bonds, is unique in the way it activates chemical reactions. In polymer mechanochemistry, the force is transduced in a directional fashion and the efficiency of activation depends on how well the force is transduced from the polymer to the scissile bond in the mechanophore (i.e. mechanochemical coupling). We have investigated the effects of regio- and stereochemistry on the rate of force-accelerated retro-Diels-Alder reactions of furan/maleimide adducts. Four adducts, presenting an endo or exo configura-tion and proximal or distal geometry, were activated in solution by ultrasound-generated elongational forces. A combina-tion of structural (1H NMR) and computational (CoGEF) analyses allowed us to interrogate the mechanochemical activa-tion of these adducts. We found that, unlike its thermal counterpart where the reactivity is dictated by the stereochemis-try, the mechanical reactivity is mainly dependent on the regiochemistry. Remarkably the thermally active distal-exo adduct becomes inert under tension due to a poor mechanochemical coupling.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Early online date31 Oct 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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