Controlled Electrodeposition of Gold Nanoparticles onto Copper-Supported Few-Layer Graphene in Non-Aqueous Conditions

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • Authors:
  • Anna K. Farquhar
  • Paula A Brooksby
  • Robert Dryfe
  • Alison J. Downard

Abstract

Graphene-Au hybrid materials show promise for applications ranging from biosensing to field emission devices. Electrodeposition is an inexpensive, fast and technically simple method for controlled deposition of nanoparticles but its use with graphene prepared by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) presents some problems. Cu foil is commonly used to catalyze the CVD process and the resulting graphene is most con-veniently handled while retained on the Cu support. However Cu is able to spontane-ously reduce Au salts in aqueous solution and hence deposition of nanoparticles via galvanic displacement occurs simultaneously with electrodeposition, and control of the growth process is lost. We show here that Au nanoparticles can be controllably electrodeposited onto Cu-supported few layer graphene (FLG) from N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) solutions of a [AuCl4]- salt because spontaneous deposi-tion of Au nanoparticles does not occur in this medium. Deposition occurs by the in-stantaneous nucleation mechanism when driven by an applied potential enabling the Au nanoparticle density to be controlled by the deposition conditions, predominantly the deposition potential. Following nucleation, nanoparticle growth is diffusion con-trolled. Our results demonstrate that the growth rate is similar in the presence and ab-sence of an applied potential and control of growth time is key to controlling nanopar-ticle size.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume237
Early online date28 Mar 2017
DOIs
StatePublished - 20 May 2017