Comparison of contrast-enhanced tomographic 3D ultrasound against rotational angiography for completion imaging immediately after endovascular aneurysm repair

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This proof of principle study assesses the utility of contrast-enhance ultrasound (CEUS) and contrast-enhanced tomographic 3-D ultrasound (CEtUS), as an intra-procedural imaging tool after endovascular-aneurysm repair (EVAR), compared with rotational angiography. A total of 20 consecutive patients undergoing infra-renal EVAR underwent immediate post-deployment rotational angiography, followed by CEUS and CEtUS scans. Outcomes were presence of endoleak, renal artery patency and endograft deformity. CEUS and CEtUS detected 12 endoleaks, 8 of which were not detected by rotational angiography. CEUS and CEtUS classify 7 or 8 type IIb endoleaks not detected by rotational angiography. CEUS/CEtUS could not identify 12 and 13 renal arteries, respectively, detected by rotational angiography. Rotational angiography and CEtUS both identified 1 endograft limb deformity, corrected immediately. CEUS and CEtUS are more sensitive to type II endoleak than rotational angiography, although there is a lower detection of renal arteries. CEUS or CEtUS has the utility for immediate post-EVAR endoleak detection where reduction of contrast agent is indicated.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
JournalUltrasound in Medicine and Biology
Early online date26 Jun 2019
Publication statusPublished - 2019