Comparing Matthew and Luke in the Light of Second Temple Jewish Literature

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Abstract

This article argues that Luke provides a framework for his gospel narrative about Jesus that is based on the institution of the Temple but that the narrative as a whole is filled with instability marked by features of inclusiveness, whereas Matthew provides a framework of hope in the fulfilment of prophetic texts but that the central gospel narrative as a whole is marked by a restricted and restricting structure based on the Torah. As such the two gospels variously play with features of Jewish societal self-understanding that are also, at least partially, represented in 1 and 2 Maccabees, or in the sectarian scrolls found in the Qumran caves. The insights of C. Lévi-Strauss, as recently adapted for reading narratives by J.W. Rogerson, are used as the basis of a reading strategy.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-57
JournalJournal for the Study of the New Testament
Volume41
Issue number1
Early online date28 Aug 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018