Chemo-biocatalytic one-pot two-step conversion of cyclic amine to lactam using whole cell monoamine oxidase

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • External authors:
  • Petra Zajkoska
  • Max Cárdenas-Fernández
  • Gary J. Lye
  • Michal Rosenberg
  • Martin Rebroš


BACKGROUND: Most biocatalysts currently involved in one-pot chemoenzymatic cascades are pure enzymes, while whole cells and crude enzyme extracts remain unexplored. This work aims to develop a chemo-biocatalytic one-pot two-step system involving whole cell monoamine oxidase (MAO, EC coupled with a Cu-based oxidative system (CuI/H2O2) for the transformation of 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline (THIQ) to 3,4-dihydroisoquinolin-1(2H)-one (DHIO). RESULTS: MAO-N variants D9 and D11 were tested as whole cell and crude lysate biocatalysts for biological oxidation. Whole Escherichia coli OverExpress C43(DE3) cells expressing MAO-N D9 showed the best performance (Vmax = 36.58 mmol L−1 h−1, KM = 8.124 mmol L−1, maximum specific productivity 89.3 μmol min−1 g 1 DCW) and were employed in combination with CuI/H2O2 in a sequential one-pot two-step process. The biotransformation was scaled-up to the initial volume of 25 mL and after triple THIQ feeding, 48.2 mmol L−1 of the intermediate 3,4-dihydroisoquinoline (DHIQ) was obtained with a yield of 71.3%. Afterwards, chemical catalysts (1 mol% CuI and 10 eq. H2O2) were added to the biologically produced DHIQ, which was transformed to ∼30 mmol L−1 DHIO at 69.4% overall yield. CONCLUSION: As MAO-N variants have wide substrate specificity, this work broadens the portfolio of one-pot chemoenzymatic processes employing whole cell biocatalysts, representing an alternative to using pure enzymes.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1558-1565
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology
Issue number7
Early online date12 Nov 2016
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2017