Chemically-specific time-resolved surface photovoltage spectroscopy: Carrier dynamics at the interface of quantum dots attached to a metal oxide

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • External authors:
  • Ben F. Spencer
  • Matthew J. Cliffe
  • Elaine A. Seddon
  • Karen L. Syres
  • Fausto Sirotti
  • Mathieu G. Silly
  • Javeed Akhtar
  • Paul O'Brien
  • Simon M. Fairclough
  • Jason M. Smith
  • Swapan Chattopadhyay


We describe a new experimental pump-probe methodology where a 2D delay-line detector enables fast (ns) monitoring of a narrow XPS spectrum in combination with a continuous pump laser. This has been developed at the TEMPO beamline at Synchrotron SOLEIL to enable the study of systems with intrinsically slow electron dynamics, and to complement faster measurements that use a fs laser as the pump. We demonstrate its use in a time-resolved study of the surface photovoltage of the m -plane ZnO () surface which shows persistent photoconductivity, requiring monitoring periods on ms timescales and longer. We make measurements from this surface in the presence and absence of chemically-linked quantum dots (QDs), using type I PbS and type II CdSe/ZnSe (core/shell) QDs as examples. We monitor signals from both the ZnO substrate and the bound QDs during photoexcitation, yielding evidence for charge injection from the QDs into the ZnO. The chemical specificity of the technique allows us to observe differences in the extent to which the QD systems are influenced by the field of the surface depletion layer at the ZnO surface, which we attribute to differences in the band structure at the interface.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)320-325
Number of pages5
JournalSurface Science
StatePublished - 21 Mar 2015