Characterization of human disease phenotypes associated with mutations in TREX1, RNASEH2A, RNASEH2B, RNASEH2C, SAMHD1, ADAR, and IFIH1.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • External authors:
  • Yanick J Crow
  • Diana S Chase
  • Johanna Lowenstein Schmidt
  • Marcin Szynkiewicz
  • Gabriella M A Forte
  • Hannah L Gornall
  • Anthony Oojageer
  • Beverley Anderson
  • Amy Pizzino
  • Guy Helman
  • Mohamed S Abdel-Hamid
  • Ghada M Abdel-Salam
  • Sam Ackroyd
  • Alec Aeby
  • Guillermo Agosta
  • Catherine Albin
  • Stavit Allon-Shalev
  • Montse Arellano
  • Giada Ariaudo
  • Vijay Aswani
  • Riyana Babul-Hirji
  • Eileen M Baildam
  • Nadia Bahi-Buisson
  • Kathryn M Bailey
  • Christine Barnerias
  • Magalie Barth
  • Roberta Battini
  • Michael W Beresford
  • Geneviève Bernard
  • Marika Bianchi
  • Thierry Billette de Villemeur
  • Edward M Blair
  • Miriam Bloom
  • Alberto B Burlina
  • Maria Luisa Carpanelli
  • Daniel R Carvalho
  • Manuel Castro-Gago
  • Anna Cavallini
  • Cristina Cereda
  • Kate E Chandler
  • David A Chitayat
  • Abigail E Collins
  • Concepcion Sierra Corcoles
  • Nuno J V Cordeiro
  • Giovanni Crichiutti
  • Lyvia Dabydeen
  • Russell C Dale
  • Stefano D'Arrigo
  • Christian G E L De Goede
  • Corinne De Laet
  • Liesbeth M H De Waele
  • Ines Denzler
  • Isabelle Desguerre
  • Koenraad Devriendt
  • Maja Di Rocco
  • Michael C Fahey
  • Elisa Fazzi
  • Colin D Ferrie
  • António Figueiredo
  • Blanca Gener
  • Cyril Goizet
  • Nirmala R Gowrinathan
  • Kalpana Gowrishankar
  • Donncha Hanrahan
  • Bertrand Isidor
  • Bülent Kara
  • Nasaim Khan
  • Mary D King
  • Edwin P Kirk
  • Ram Kumar
  • Lieven Lagae
  • Pierre Landrieu
  • Heinz Lauffer
  • Vincent Laugel
  • Roberta La Piana
  • Ming J Lim
  • Jean-Pierre S-M Lin
  • Tarja Linnankivi
  • Mark T Mackay
  • Daphna R Marom
  • Charles Marques Lourenço
  • Shane A McKee
  • Isabella Moroni
  • Jenny E V Morton
  • Marie-Laure Moutard
  • Kevin Murray
  • Rima Nabbout
  • Sheela Nampoothiri
  • Noemi Nunez-Enamorado
  • Patrick J Oades
  • Ivana Olivieri
  • John R Ostergaard
  • Belén Pérez-Dueñas
  • Julie S Prendiville
  • Venkateswaran Ramesh
  • Magnhild Rasmussen
  • Luc Régal
  • Federica Ricci
  • Marlène Rio
  • Diana Rodriguez
  • Agathe Roubertie
  • Elisabetta Salvatici
  • Karin A Segers
  • Gyanranjan P Sinha
  • Doriette Soler
  • Ronen Spiegel
  • Tommy I Stödberg
  • Rachel Straussberg
  • Kathryn J Swoboda
  • Mohnish Suri
  • Uta Tacke
  • Tiong Y Tan
  • Johann te Water Naude
  • Keng Wee Teik
  • Maya Mary Thomas
  • Marianne Till
  • Davide Tonduti
  • Enza Maria Valente
  • Rudy Noel Van Coster
  • Marjo S van der Knaap
  • Grace Vassallo
  • Raymon Vijzelaar
  • Julie Vogt
  • Geoffrey B Wallace
  • Evangeline Wassmer
  • Hannah J Webb
  • William P Whitehouse
  • Robyn N Whitney
  • Maha S Zaki
  • Sameer M Zuberi
  • John H Livingston
  • Flore Rozenberg
  • Pierre Lebon
  • Adeline Vanderver
  • Simona Orcesi
  • Stefano D Arrigo

Abstract

Aicardi-Goutières syndrome is an inflammatory disease occurring due to mutations in any of TREX1, RNASEH2A, RNASEH2B, RNASEH2C, SAMHD1, ADAR or IFIH1. We report on 374 patients from 299 families with mutations in these seven genes. Most patients conformed to one of two fairly stereotyped clinical profiles; either exhibiting an in utero disease-onset (74 patients; 22.8% of all patients where data were available), or a post-natal presentation, usually within the first year of life (223 patients; 68.6%), characterized by a sub-acute encephalopathy and a loss of previously acquired skills. Other clinically distinct phenotypes were also observed; particularly, bilateral striatal necrosis (13 patients; 3.6%) and non-syndromic spastic paraparesis (12 patients; 3.4%). We recorded 69 deaths (19.3% of patients with follow-up data). Of 285 patients for whom data were available, 210 (73.7%) were profoundly disabled, with no useful motor, speech and intellectual function. Chilblains, glaucoma, hypothyroidism, cardiomyopathy, intracerebral vasculitis, peripheral neuropathy, bowel inflammation and systemic lupus erythematosus were seen frequently enough to be confirmed as real associations with the Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome phenotype. We observed a robust relationship between mutations in all seven genes with increased type I interferon activity in cerebrospinal fluid and serum, and the increased expression of interferon-stimulated gene transcripts in peripheral blood. We recorded a positive correlation between the level of cerebrospinal fluid interferon activity assayed within one year of disease presentation and the degree of subsequent disability. Interferon-stimulated gene transcripts remained high in most patients, indicating an ongoing disease process. On the basis of substantial morbidity and mortality, our data highlight the urgent need to define coherent treatment strategies for the phenotypes associated with mutations in the Aicardi-Goutières syndrome-related genes. Our findings also make it clear that a window of therapeutic opportunity exists relevant to the majority of affected patients and indicate that the assessment of type I interferon activity might serve as a useful biomarker in future clinical trials.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Volume167A
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2015

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