Characterisation of oxide films produced by plasma electrolytic oxidation of a Ti-6Al-4V alloy

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Abstract

The paper discusses processing and property aspects of oxide films formed on a Ti-6Al-4V alloy by AC plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) in aqueous solutions containing aluminate, phosphate, silicate and sulfate anions and some of their combinations. Structure, composition, mechanical tribological and corrosion resistant characteristics of the films formed are studied by SEM, XRD and microhardness analyses, and by scratch, impact, pin-on-disc friction and potentiodynamic corrosion testing. It is found that the films produced from the aluminate-phosphate electrolyte are dense and uniform and are composed mainly of Al2TiO5 and TiO2 phases of the rutile form. The films possess a beneficial combination of 50-60 μm thickness, 575 kg/mm2 hardness and high adhesion and provide a low wear rate (3.4 X 10-8 mm3/Nm) but a relatively high friction coefficient of μ = 0.6-0.7 against steel, caused by material transfer from the counterface. A minimum friction coefficient of μ = 0.18 is recorded during the testing of softer rutile-anatase films, 7 μm thick, produced from a phosphate electrolyte. Both of these types of film show good corrosion resistance in NaCl and physiological solutions, where the corrosion current is approximately 1.5 orders of magnitude lower than that of the uncoated substrate. SiO2/TiO2-based films with 70-90 μm thickness and high bulk porosity produced from silicate and silicate-aluminate electrolytes demonstrate better corrosion behaviour in H2SO4 solution, due to the greater chemical stability of the film phase components in this environment. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science S.A. All rights reserved.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-206
Number of pages12
JournalSurface and Coatings Technology
Volume130
Issue number2-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2000