Biomarkers in adult asthma: A systematic review of 8-isoprostane in exhaled breath condensate

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • External authors:
  • Adam M. Peel
  • Christina Jane Crossman-Barnes
  • Jonathan Tang
  • Gwyneth A. Davies
  • Andrew M. Wilson
  • Yoon K. Loke

Abstract

Objectives. We aimed to assess the evidence for the use of 8-isoprostane in exhaled breath condensate (EBC) as a biomarker in adult asthma. Design. A systematic review and meta-analysis of EBC 8-isoprostane. Methods. We searched a number of online databases (including PubMed, Embase and Scopus) in January 2016. We included studies of adult non-smokers with EBC collection and asthma diagnosis conducted according to recognised guidelines. We aimed to pool data using random effects meta-analysis and assess heterogeneity using I 2. Results. We included twenty studies, the findings from which were inconsistent. Seven studies (n = 329) reported 8-isoprostane levels in asthma to be significantly higher than that of control groups, whilst six studies (n = 403) did not. Only four studies were appropriate for inclusion in a random effects meta-analysis of mean difference. This found a statistically significant between-groups difference of 22 pg ml-1. Confidence in the result is limited by the small number of studies and by substantial statistical heterogeneity (I 2 = 94). Conclusion. The clinical value of EBC 8-isoprostane as a quantitative assessment of oxidative stress in asthma remains unclear due to variability in results and methodological heterogeneity. It is essential to develop a robust and standardised methodology if the use of EBC 8-isoprostane in asthma is to be properly evaluated.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
Article number016011
JournalJournal of Breath Research
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Feb 2017